Abstract： Objective:To explore the influence on the willingness to seek medical treatment by revising the recommendations for prevention and treatment in the medical examination report.Methods:Revising the prevention and treatment recommendations for four diseases, including proteinuria, hyperuricemia, hydronephrosis and renal insufficiency to clearly inform the etiology and prognosis of them. Using a cross-sectional study method, pre-revision prevention and treatment recommendations (version A) and post-revision prevention and treatment recommendations (version B) questionnaires were randomly distributed to medical examiners and at the health management center of our hospital in Wuhan. An ordinal logistic regression model and a binary logistic regression model were used to analyze the correlation of the understanding of diseases and the willingness to seek medical treatment with different connotation of the prevention and treatment recommendations, respectively.Results:A total of 530 valid questionnaires were collected, of which 267 were from version A and 263 from version B. There was no significant difference in the socio-demographic profile of respondents between version A and version B. For the four high risk factors of kidney diseases mentioned above, version B was better than version A in terms of understanding and willingness to seek medical treatment ( P<0.001). The level of understanding OR(95% CI) were 3.691(2.570, 5.301), 2.238(1.511, 3.320), 4.293(6.353, 2.903) and 5.275(7.877, 3.529) respectively. The willingness to seek medical treatment OR(95% CI) were 3.554(2.441, 5.175), 2.850(1.975, 4.114), 5.144(3.457, 7.654) and 4.225(2.868, 6.224) respectively. All the P values were lower than 0.001. Conclusions:Improving the connotation of prevention and treatment recommendations in the medical examination report can help increase the willingness for early medical consultation.