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Application of the mandarin Chinese version of the Leicester cough questionnaire in the chronic disease management of adult patients with severe asthma

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Author:
No author available
Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Health Management
Issue:
6
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.cn115624-20220330-00228
Key Word:
重度哮喘;慢病管理;中文版莱斯特咳嗽问卷;Severe asthma;Chronic disease management;Mandarin Chinese version of the Leicester cough questionnaire

Abstract´╝Ü Objective:To explore the application of the mandarin Chinese version of the Leicester cough questionnaire (LCQ-MC) in the chronic disease management of adult patients with severe asthma.Methods:Thirty patients with severe asthma without a smoking history who received treatment and chronic disease management in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from December 2018 to December 2020 and met the inclusion criteria were selected as the research subjects. Their clinical symptoms, LCQ-MC, asthma control test (ACT), mini asthma quality of life questionnaire (MiniAQLQ), visual analogue scale (VAS) and lung function test were recorded. The reliability of LCQ-MC and its correlation with ACT, MiniAQLQ, VAS and lung function were analyzed.Results:Among the 30 patients, there were 14 males and 16 females, with an average age of (50.5±10.5) years old and a medical history of (38.3±15.5) years. The main manifestations were cough which was observed in 29 cases (96.7%), wheezing in 25 cases (83.3%), nasal symptoms in 14 cases (46.7%) and chest tightness in 11 cases (36.7%). All lung functions were consistent with the diagnosis of asthma. The total score of LCQ-MC was (16.1±4.2), in which the physiological, psychological and social dimensions were (5.0±1.2), (5.6±1.6), (5.5±1.7), respectively; and ACT (18.9+5.5), MiniAQLQ (4.9±1.4), VAS (33.5±32.4). The Cronbach′s α for the questionnaire was more than 0.70, and the results were positively correlated with ACT and MiniAQLQ ( r=0.553, 0.593, P=0.002, 0.001), negatively correlated with VAS ( r=-0.762, P<0.001). The correlations between LCQ-MC and these scores were consistent with the results after 6 months. Conclusion:Cough is an important symptom of severe asthma, and LCQ-MC can be effectively used for evaluation and chronic disease management of adult patients with severe asthma.

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