Chinese Journal of Pediatrics (CJP) is one of the series of medical periodicals sponsored by Chinese Medical Association (CMA). CJP was founded in 1950. It is one of the academic journal at high level in the fields of pediatric medicine in China. The purpose of this journal is to combine theories with practice while emphasizing practice; to combine basic sciences with clinics while emphasizing clinics; and to combine popularization with rising the level of knowledge and techniques while emphasizing rising. CJP also aims at promoting academic exchanges in the fields of pediatrics, serves the development and improvement of pediatric medicine in China and serves the health of children. The policy of CJP is to run the journal with the help and guidance of experts and the editorial board. The major contents of the journal are novel theories, new achievements, new methods, new techniques and well accepted clinical experience. The readers of CJP are pediatric clinicians,researchers,teaching professionals and child health care workers. The major columns of CJP include: Original Articles, Editorials, Experts’ Forum, Debates, Reviews, Lectures, Clinicopathological (Case) Discussions, Conference Summaries, Standards and Protocols, Brief Original Papers, Case Reports, Book Review, and Rapid Pathway, etc. CJP will get closer to clinics and readers, guide development of subspecialties and encourage debates for different viewpoints. CJP applies double-blinded and threelevel procedures for peer review of manuscripts. CJP has been indexed by Medline since 2003 and by Russian Abstracts since 2004.