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Reliability and validity of job content questionnaire vs effort-reward imbalance questionnaire in job stress evaluation for civil aviation staff

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Author:
No author available
Journal Title:
CHINESE JOURNAL OF HEALTH MANAGEMENT
Issue:
1
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.issn.1674-0815.2011.01.016
Key Word:
应激;调查问卷;民航;Stress;Questionnaires;Civil aviation

Abstract´╝Ü Objective To compare the reliability and validity of job content questionnaire (JCQ1.0) and effort-reward imbalance (ERI) questionnaire in job stress study for civil aviation staff. Methods One hundred and ten individuals were investigated by JCQ1. 0 and ERI questionnaire for job stress, and their reliability and validity were evaluated. Results In JCQ1. 0, high-strain, active, passive,and low-strain workers accounted for 23.6%, 20. 9%, 24. 5%, and 30. 9%. Job stress was found in 59. 1% in ERI. The internal consistency reliabilities (Cronbach α) of the 3 dimensions in JCQ1.0 ranged from 0. 10 to 0. 51, and the split-half reliability was 0. 50; however, the internal consistency reliabilities ( Cronbach α) of the 3 dimensions in ERI ranged from 0. 35 to 0. 79, and the split-half reliability was 0. 78.Most items of both questionnaires showed good construct validities. In factor analysis, total variance contribution was 64. 62% ( JCQ1. 0 ) and 58.08% ( ERI ), respectively. Conclusion ERI may be a reliable and valid tool of job stress assessment; however, JCQ1.0 seems to need further modification.

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