Abstract： Objective:To observe the efficacy of intravitreal injection of conbercept (IVC) combined with subthreshold micropulse laser photocoagulation (SMLP) in the treatment of diabetic macular edema (DME).Methods:A randomized controlled trial. From December 2020 to January 2022, 100 patients (100 eyes) with DME diagnosed by examination in Shanxi Aier Eye Hospital were included in the study. The patients were randomly divided into IVC group (50 eyes) and IVC+SMLP group (50 eyes). All the eyes were treated with IVC once a month for 3 times, and the eyes in IVC+SMLP group were treated with SMLP within 2 weeks after IVC. All affected eyes were examined by best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), which was statistically converted to logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) visual acuity. The central macular thickness (CMT) was measured by optical coherence tomography. Before the treatment, the logMAR BCVA of patients in IVC group and IVC+SMLP group were 0.56±0.04 and 0.55±0.03, respectively. The CMT were (437.36±11.35) μm and (434.58±10.88) μm, respectively. There was no significant difference in logMAR BCVA and CMT between the two groups ( t= 0.476, 1.027; P>0.05). The patients were followed up for 12 months after treatment. The times of IVC and the changes of BCVA and CMT were compared between the two groups. Independent sample t-test was used to compare the logMAR BCVA, CMT and times of IVC between groups. Results:After 12 months treatment, the logMAR BCVA of IVC group and IVC+SMLP group were (241.63±29.79) μm and (240.47±30.46) μm, respectively. Compared with those before treatment, 12 months after treatment, the BCVA of the two groups increased significantly ( t=7.014, 5.608; P<0.001), while CMT decreased significantly ( t=8.126, 6.013; P<0.001). There was no significant difference in BCVA and CMT between the two groups ( t=0.835, 0.764; P>0.05). The number of IVC in IVC group and IVC+SMLP group were (8.15±2.04) times and (5.91±1.80) times, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=5.210, P<0.001). Conclusions:Both IVC+SMLP and IVC alone can effectively reduce CMT and increase BCVA in patients with DME. Combination therapy can reduce the number of IVC.