Abstract： Objective:To observe the interobserver agreement of classification of macular degeneration in severe pathological myopia (PM) by ophthalmologists with different clinical experience.Methods:A retrospective study. From January 2019 to December 2021, 171 eyes of 102 patients with severe PM macular degeneration who were examined at Eye Center of Beijing Tongren Hospital of Capital Medical University were included in the study. The clinical data such as age, gender, axial length, spherical equivalent power, fundus color photography, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were collected in detail. Six independent ophthalmologists (A, B, C, D, E, F) classified each fundus photography based on META-PM and ATN classification of atrophy (A) system and interobserver agreement was assessed by Kappa statistics. According to the classification standard of traction (T) in the ATN classification, the OCT images were interpreted and classified, in which T0 was subdivided into retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and choroidal thinning, choroidal neovascularization (CNV) with partial RPE and choroidal atrophy, RPE, and choroidal atrophy. Lamellar macular hole can't be classified by ATN system, which was defined as TX. Kappa ( κ) test was used to analyze the consistency of classification results between physicians A, B, C, D, E and F. κ value ≤0.4 indicates low consistency, 0.4 < κ value ≤ 0.6 indicates moderate consistency, and κ value >0.6 indicates strong consistency. Results:Among the 171 eyes of 102 cases, there were 20 males with 37 eyes (19.6%, 20/102), and 82 females with 134 eyes (80.4%, 82/102); age was 61.97±8.78 years; axial length was (30.87±1.93) mm; equivalent spherical power was (-16.56±7.00) D. Atrophy (A) classification results in META-PM classification and ATN classification, the consistency of physician A, B, C, D, E and physician F were 73.01%, 77.19%, 81.28%, 81.28%, 88.89%; κ value were 0.472, 0.538, 0.608, 0.610, 0.753, respectively. In the ATN classification, the T0, T1, T2, T3, T4, and T5 were in 109, 18, 11, 12, 9, and 8 eyes, respectively; TX was in 4 eyes.Conclusions:There are differences in the consistency of classification of severe PM macular lesions among physicians with different clinical experience, and the consistency will gradually improve with the accumulation of clinical experience.