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Adverse psychological state and its influencing factors in patients with dysphagia after cerebral stroke

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Author:
No author available
Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Health Management
Issue:
3
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.cn115624-20220902-00655
Key Word:
卒中;吞咽障碍;不良心理状态;影响因素;Cerebral stroke;Dysphagia;Adverse psychological state;Influencing factors

Abstract´╝Ü Objective:To analyze the adverse psychological state and its influencing factors in patients with dysphagia after cerebral stroke.Methods:In this cross-sectional survey, 120 patients with dysphagia after cerebral stroke in the Department of Neurology, Stroke Center in Henan Provincial People′s Hospital from January 2021 to March 2022 were selected with convenience sampling method for questionnaire survey. The depression anxiety stress scale-21 (DASS-21), family adaption partnership growth affection resolve index (APGAR) and social support rating scale (SSRS) were used to evaluate the adverse psychological state, family care degree and social support in those patients. And general data of the patients were collected too. A total of 120 questionnaires were sent out and reclaimed, among them 116 were valid. One patient withdrew from the study on his own. Finally, 115 patients were included as research objects. Analysis of variance and LSD-t test were used to compare the adverse psychological state of patients with different characteristics, Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between adverse psychological state and family care and social support. The multivariate linear regression analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors of adverse psychological state in patients with dysphagia after cerebral stroke. Results:The total DASS-21 score in the 115 patients with dysphagia after stroke was (43.32±6.58) points, of which, it was (16.02±3.45) points in the depression dimension, (14.55±3.27) points in anxiety dimension, (12.75±4.01) points in stress dimension; the total score of APGAR was (5.15±0.87) points, the total score of SSRS was (28.75±5.16) points. Family care and social support were both negatively correlated with adverse psychological state in those patients ( r=-0.514, -0.433, both P<0.05). Marital status, per capita monthly income, number of complications, family care and social support were the influencing factors of adverse psychological state in patients with dysphagia after cerebral stroke (β′=0.501, -0.365, 0.234, -0.269, -0.372, all P<0.05). Conclusions:Patients with dysphagia after cerebral stroke have a higher degree of adverse psychological state. Marital status, per capita monthly income, complications, family care and social support can affect the mental health in those patients.

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