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Sleep quality and its contributing factors in patients with gout

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Author:
No author available
Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Health Management
Issue:
12
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.cn115624-20220902-00654
Key Word:
痛风;睡眠质量;睡眠障碍;影响因素;Gout;Sleep quality;Sleep disturbance;Contributing factors

Abstract´╝Ü Objective:To evaluate the incidence and its impact fortors of sleep disorders among patients with gout.Methods:A total of 414 patients with gout were included in the study. A series of questionnaires including socio-economical and disease related scale, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Fatigue Scale-14, the Patient Health Questionnaire, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder questionnaire, the 10 cm Visual Analog Scale for total pain, patient self-reported confidence in gout treatment and the Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index were carried out in the patients. The statistical methods used in the study included t test, rank sum test, chi-square test and regression analysis. Results:The median age of gout patients in this study was 54 years and 96.4% were men, the mean serum uric acid level was (474.98±120.14) μmol/L. Among them, 201 (48.6%) patients showed sleep disorders, and the worse sleep quality was reflected in subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency and each dimension of PSQI. It was found that sleep disorders in gout patients were associated with living in rural areas, unemployment, long disease duration, disease stage, depression, anxiety, lack of confidence in regular blood examination and some other factors. In addition, patients with severe pain ( OR=1.087, P=0.029), fatigue ( OR=1.125, P=0.002), tophi ( OR=1.843, P=0.014) and functional disability ( OR=2.916, P<0.001) were more likely to get sleep disorders. Conclusions:The incidence of sleep disorders in patients with gout is high, and it′s associated with disease duration, psychological status, pain, tophi, disease stage, functional disability.

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