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Effect of continuous positive airway pressure on nocturnal blood pressure in patients complicated with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome and different circadian rhythms of hypertension

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Author:
No author available
Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Health Management
Issue:
5
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.cn115624-20211104-00661
Key Word:
睡眠呼吸暂停,阻塞性;持续气道正压通气;血压昼夜节律;高血压;Sleep apnea, obstructive;Continuous positive airway pressure;Circadian rhythm of blood pressure;Hypertension

Abstract´╝Ü Objectives:To analysis the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on nocturnal blood pressure in patients complicated with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and different circadian rhythms of hypertension.Methods:A total of 61 eligible patients were monitored by overnight polysomnography (PSG) at the Sleep Center of the Affiliated Huaian No.1 People′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between January 2020 and April 2021. During the period of PSG monitoring, continuous non-invasive blood pressure (BP) and heart rate variability (HRV) were monitored simultaneously. Frequency domain analysis was used to measure HRV and low/high frequency was used to indirectly reflect sympathetic activity. According to the nighttime systolic BP decrease rate, patients were divided into three groups: dipper pattern (descent rate ≥10%), non-dipper pattern (descent rate was less than 10% but higher than 0) and reverse dipper pattern (descent rate≤0). The PSG parameters, BP data as well as sympathetic activity etc. were compared within and among groups before and after CPAP treatment. Multiple linear regression analyses were used to explore the influencing factors of antihypertensive effect of CPAP.Results:There were no significant differences in awake systolic BP (SBP) values, the severity of OSAHS, ESS scores, awake sympathetic activity and the other baseline data among the three groups. After CPAP treatment, the mean value of asleep BP in entire group showed a modest decline as compared to the baseline values [SBP decreased 4.6 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa); diastolic blood pressure (DBP) decreased 2.4 mmHg, both P<0.001]. Subgroup analysis showed a significant reduction in asleep SBP of 11.1 mmHg and DBP of 4.9 mmHg (both P<0.001) in reverse dipper group, respectively, compared with the baseline values. While in dipper and non-dipper group, there were no significant differences before and after CPAP treatment in terms of BP (both P>0.05). In addition, there was no difference in awake sympathetic activity among three groups, while sleep sympathetic activity showed a gradual increasing trend. Sleep sympathetic activity decreased significantly from baseline after CPAP treatment in reverse dipper group ( P<0.001), while no differences were found in the other two groups before and after treatment. After controlling for baseline data such as age etc., the line regression model showed that the antihypertensive effect of CPAP was correlated with reverse dipper (SBP: β=0.548, P=0.002; DBP: β=0.454, P=0.013) and the improvement of nocturnal MpO 2 (SBP: β=0.410, P=0.046), but not with the severity of OSAHS, daytime sleepiness, or baseline BP values. Conclusion:For patients with moderate to severe OSAHS and hypertension, reverse dipper is an effective indicator to predict the antihypertensive effect of CPAP therapy.

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