Abstract： Objective:To explore the application of Allostatic Load (AL) in evaluation the effect of management for patients with type 2 diabetes.Methods:According to the control objectives of each indicator in the Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes in China, the P75 and P80 of the subjects before intervention, AL was calculated, which were AL1-1, AL1-2 and AL1-3 respectively. On the basis of the above three indicators, the number of complications was taken as the numerical sum to obtain AL2-1, AL2-2 and AL2-3. Study participants were from a one-year randomized controlled intervention trial in patients with type 2 diabetes. Patients in the control group were treated with the integrated diabetes management mode used bg the tier-three medical institutions, while the intervention group added the intervention based on " Your Doctor" App on the basis of the above strategy. The changes of 6 types of AL and HbA 1C in the two groups before and after intervention were compared. Two groups of patients were treated with propensity score matching method to ensure the balanced distribution of covariates between groups. Multiple regression analysis was used to explore the factors influencing the effect of AL intervention. Two independent samples t-test, paired t-test and chi-square test were used to analyze the efficacy of the intervention. Results:After propensity score matching, the control group and the intervention group each included 483 patients. Among the six types of AL, the score of AL2-1 was the highest, while the score of AL1-3 was the lowest. Compared with baseline, all other indicators in the two groups decreased after intervention except ALL-3 in control group ( P<0.05).Patients who were residing in rural areas, having less co-habitants and more diabetic complications, and lower annual household income, shown higher AL ( P<0.05). The number of complications and the situation of urban or rural areas were the factors influencing the effect of AL intervention. Conclusions:More research is needed on AL as an early evaluation index of the effect of comprehensive management of diabetes.