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Burden of ischemic heart disease attributable to metabolic risks inpopulation aged 25 years and older in 2011 and 2017 in Nanjing

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Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Health Management
Key Word:
缺血性心脏病;代谢;危险因素;人群归因分值;疾病负担;Ischemic heart disease;Metabolism;Risk factors;Population attributable fraction;Burden of disease

Abstract´╝Ü Objective:To analysis and compare the burden of ischemic heart disease (IHD) attributable to metabolic risks in population aged 25 years and older in 2011 and 2017 in Nanjing.Methods:The data were extracted from the Nanjing Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance (2011 and 2017), the Nanjing Mortality Surveillance (2011 and 2017) and the 2016 Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD). Using GBD′s Comparative Risk Assessment Theory, the attribution burden was estimated by comparing the observed health outcomes with the health outcomes that may be observed when exposed to counterfactual levels. Based on population attributable fractions, the deaths and life expectancy losses of ischemic heart disease due to high systolic blood pressure (SBP), high fasting plasma glucose (FPG), high total cholesterol (TC), high body mass index (BMI) and combination of four risks were estimated in 2011 and 2017. The average population structure of the world′s population from 2000 to 2025 wasusedas the standard population for standardization.Results:The number of IHD deaths attributable to four metabolic risks combination was 3 204, andwhich resulted in a loss of life expectancy of 0.90 years in 2017. High SBP appeared as the major cause of IHD deaths and Years of Life Lost (YLL). In 2017, the world standardized mortality rate (25.60×10 -5, 19.94×10 -5 and 6.83×10 -5) and the standardized YLL rate (389.31×10 -5, 335.16×10 -5, 134.60×10 -5) of the population due to high systolic blood pressure, high total cholesterol and high body mass index were significantly lower than those in 2011 (31.75×10 -5, 26.74×10 -5, 7.45×10 -5 and 469.07×10 -5, 463.70×10 -5, 142.66×10 -5); the world standardized rate and the standardized YLL rate due to high blood sugar (11.90×10 -5 and 174.61×10 -5) were significantly higher than those in 2011 (9.67×10 -5 and 150.61×10 -5) (all P<0.05). Males appeared to have higher standardized rate of YLL of IHD deaths than females, due to having metabolism risks( P<0.05). Conclusion:Metabolic exposures especially high SBP are the important risk factors whichleadto IHD deaths in Nanjing.

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