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Effect of integrated medical care, elderly care and nursing management mode on self-care ability and blood pressure management of elderly patients with hypertension

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Author:
No author available
Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Health Management
Issue:
6
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.cn115624-20200319-00195
Key Word:
高血压;医养护一体化管理模式;老年;自护能力;血压管理;Hypertension;Medical care, elderly care and nursing management mode;Elderly;Self-care ability;Blood pressure management

Abstract´╝Ü Objective:To explore the effect of medical care, elderly care and nursing management mode on self-care ability and blood pressure management in elderly patients with hypertension.Methods:From July 2018 to June 2019, 164 elderly patients with hypertension admitted into the outpatient department of the ZhejiangHospital were selected as the study objects by convenience sampling method, and randomly divided into the control group and the experimental group, 82 cases in each group. Routine hypertension management mode was given in the control group and medical care, elderly care and nursing management mode was given in the experimental group for 6 months. The Exercise of Self-Care Agency Scale (ESCA) scores and blood pressure control of the two groups were compared before and after intervention.Results:The ESCA total score and self-concept, self-care responsibility, self-care skills, and health knowledge scores of the experimental group were higher than those before intervention [(123.3±17.2) vs. (88.3±10.4) points, (26.8±3.7) vs. (20.6±3.0) points, (22.3±4.2) vs. (16.6±2.1) points, (29.3±4.1) vs. (17.6±2.4) points, (44.9±5.4) vs. (33.5±4.5) points], and higher than those of the control group [(90.0±10.2) points, (21.2±3.2) points, (16.1±2.1) points, (18.2±2.5) points, (34.5±4.2) points] (all P<0.05). The systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure of the two groups after the intervention were lower than those before the intervention [control group: (142.5±7.8) vs. (161.6±8.5) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), (91.3±6.2) vs. (98.6±10.2) mmHg, experimental group: (132.2±8.5) vs. (160.6±8.1) mmHg, (84.2±7.4) vs. (98.1±10.3) mmHg], and the experimental group was lower than the control group (all P<0.05). The blood pressure control rate of patients in the experimental group was 88.8%, which was higher than the control group of 48.6% ( P<0.05). The satisfaction rate of quality of life in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group (28.8% vs. 18.1%), and the dissatisfaction rate was lower than in the control group (18.8% vs. 34.7%) ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The medical care, elderly care and nursing management mode can effectively improve the self-care ability and blood pressure management ability of elderly patients with hypertension.

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