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A survey on the development of health management (physical examination) institutions in China in 2018

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Author:
No author available
Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Health Management
Issue:
5
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.cn115624-20200308-00129
Key Word:
健康管理;行业发展;现状调查;Health management;Industry development;Survey

Abstract´╝Ü Objective:To investigate the development of health management (physical examination) institutions in 2018 and provide supporting data for the development of the industry.Methods:Using the method of questionnaire survey, the data of 348 health management institutions in 30 provinces in 2018, including institution scale (area, number of people served, income), Manpower (number of medical staff, number of medical staff with Graduate Education), scientific research ability and level (number of published papers, number of scientific research projects undertaken), appropriate technology application, etc., were obtained. Then according to the province and city where the institution is located and the property of ownership, the institutions were classified and their data were analyzed.Results:In 2018, the area of health management (physical examination) institutions was 3 000 (2 000, 4 434) m 2, the annual number of people served was 5.00 (3.37, 7.97) ×10 4, the annual income was 37.91 (23.91, 61.68) million yuan RMB, and the average cost of subjects was 788 (550, 1 046) yuan RMB. There was a positive correlation between the average cost of subjects and the local per capita GDP ( r=0.438, P<0.05). The top five provinces are Beijing, Zhejiang, Chongqing, Guangdong and Sichuan. The differences of number of people served, the annual income, the average cost of subjects, number of medical staff, number of medical staff with Graduate Education, number of scientific research projects undertaken, proportion of group examination in provincial capital city, prefecture city and county city were statistically significant (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the excellent independent private physical examination institutions and the excellent public physical examination institutions ( P>0.05) in the above indexes, but the number of excellent independent private physical examination institutions was relatively small ( n=28, 8.05%). Conclusions:In 2018, China′s health management (physical examination) institutions have a good development momentum, the service scale continues to expand, and the quality and efficiency continue to improve. However, the development of health management (physical examination) institutions is still uneven, and there are regional differences. Some excellent independent private health examination institutions are close to or reach the level of excellent public health examination institutions, but the number is still small.

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