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Expression and significance of high-risk HPV16/18E6 in lung adenocarcinoma

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Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Health Management
Key Word:
人乳头瘤病毒;肺腺癌;耐药性;Human papillomavirus;Lung adenocarcinoma;Resistance

Abstract´╝Ü Objective:To analyze the expression and clinical significance of human papillomavirus (HPV) 16/18E6 in lung adenocarcinoma tissues and adjacent specimens.Methods:Sixty patients with pathologically confirmed lung adenocarcinoma treated with surgical resection were included in the study. To determine the expression of HPV16/18 E6, carcinoma specimens and adjacent tissues were collected and detected using immunohistochemistry. The χ 2 test was used to analyze the relationship between HPV16/18 E6 expression and the clinical features of lung adenocarcinoma. Using the cell transfection technique, the A549 lung adenocarcinoma cell line with high HPV16/18E6 expression was established, and the differences in cisplatin resistance between the E6, control (Ctl), and A549 groups were compared using the MTT assay. Results:Of the 60 cases, 29 (48%) were male and 31 (52%) were female, with an average age of (55.5±2.4) years. In lung adenocarcinoma specimens, the positive expression rate of HPV16/18 E6 was 48% (29/60), which was higher than that observed in adjacent tissues (18%; 11/60), demonstrating a statistically significant difference (P<0.05 ); the differences between the positive expression rate of HPV16/18E6 and TNM stage, age, gender, smoking, and tumor size were not statistically significant. In the E6 A549 lung adenocarcinoma group, cisplatin resistance was higher than that in the Ctl and A549 groups, demonstrating a statistically significant difference (P<0.05 ). Finally, the half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC 50) of cisplatin in E6 (111 mg/L)was higher than that in Ctl(75 mg/L) and A549(79 mg/L) groups, demonstrating a statistically significant difference (P<0.05 ).Conclusions:High-risk HPV16/18E6 has a higher positive expression rate in lung adenocarcinoma, independent of TNM stage, age, gender, smoking, and tumor size, and may influence resistance to chemotherapy drugs.

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