Abstract： Objective This study examined the effect of mindfulness-based cognitive behavioral therapy on the social psychology of women with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Methods Sixty women with HPV infection who visited a health center were randomly assigned to either an intervention (30 cases) or control group (30 cases), from December 2018 to March 2019. The control group received routine health education and psychological intervention. On the basis of the control group, the intervention group received 8 weeks of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. The HPV Impact Profile (HIP) was used as an evaluation tool to compare the efficacy of the two groups. Results There were no significant baseline differences between the two groups. After intervention, HIP scores for worries and concerns, affective impact, sexual impact, and partner and communication were lower in the intervention group compared with the control group: worries and concerns (31.87±9.94 vs. 44.80±7.89), affective impact (30.93±9.79 vs. 54.93±12.89), sexual impact (27.60±10.73 vs. 58.87±8.35), partner and communication (28.90±8.57 vs. 46.83±12.2). There was a statistically significant difference (P<0.05) in each domain. Conclusion Mindfulness-based cognitive behavioral therapy can significantly improve negative emotions and sexual satisfaction among women with HPV infection.