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Effectiveness evaluation of standardized community-based hypertension management in Jinhua City

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Author:
No author available
Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Health Management
Issue:
5
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.issn.1674-0815.2018.05.010
Key Word:
原发性高血压;效果;规范化管理;Primary hypertension;Effect;Standardized management

Abstract´╝Ü Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of community?based standardized blood pressure control and lifestyle management in hypertensive patients in Jinhua. Methods The study included patients with primary hypertension from community health service centers in Yongkang, Lanxi, and an urban district in Jinhua. Electronic health record data from 2015 to 2017 were collected, and relevant indicators before and after standardized management were assessed. Rates and constituent ratios were used for statistical evaluation. Numeric data were compared using the chi square test, and means were compared using the t?test. Results Of 14 943 hypertensive patients who underwent standardized management, 8 052 were women (53.88%) and 6 891 were men (46.12%). The average age of these patients in early 2015 was 66.63 years. After 3 years of standardized management, the rate of blood pressure control increased from 42.85% to 49.50%. The difference was statistically significant (χ2=133.019, P<0.05). The mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure values (138.67 mmHg and 84.46 mmHg, respectively) (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) after standardized management were significantly different from those (139.40 mmHg and 85.08 mmHg, respectively) before standardized management (t=7.667, P<0.05; t=6.583, P<0.05, respectively). The average body weight, number of cigarettes smoked daily, and regular exercise time (61.51 kg, 15.28 cigarettes, and 40.56 min, respectively) after standardized management were significantly different from those (61.62 kg, 15.49 cigarettes, and 40.31 min, respectively) before standardized management (t=5.015, P<0.05; t=1.848, P<0.05; t=2.455, P<0.05, respectively). The medication compliance and willingness of being managed had significantly increased. The difference was statistically significant (χ2=72.600, P<0.05; χ2=299.434, P<0.05, respectively). Conclusions Standardized community-based management of hypertension effectively improved the rate of blood pressure control and the overall health of residents.

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