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Relationships between body mass index, blood pressure and the cerebrovascular function in middle-aged population who underwent health checkup

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Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Health Management
Key Word:
脑血管障碍;血流动力学;中年人;血压;体重;Cerebrovascular disorders;Hemodynamics;Middle aged;Blood pressure;Body weight

Abstract´╝Ü Objective To analyze the relationships between body mass index (BMI), blood pressure and the cerebral vascular function in middle-aged population that underwent health checkup. Methods Participants from health management centers of Renmin Hospital of Hubei province, the Second Hospital Affiliated to Nanhua University, Hospital of Shandong Electric Power and Chinese People's Liberation Army No. 180 Hospital aged 45 to 64 years were selected from health checkup population by cluster sampling. Levels of height, weight and blood pressure as well as the cerebral hemodynamics were checked. Subjects were grouped according to age, BMI, systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The differences and distribution of cerebrovascular function scores (CVFS) between groups were compared and described. Moreover, the risk of stroke in the population was evaluated. Results Of the 17 258 individuals who met inclusion criteria, the abnormal rate (the score below 75 points) of CVFS was 20.9 percent. The CVFS in normal, overweight and obese groups were 91.0±15.4, 83.3±21.3, 70.3±26.5 and differences in all age groups were statistically significant (P<0.01). The CVFS in systolic blood pressure<120,120-139, 140-159,≥160 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) groups were 93.9±12.9, 86.5±18.9, 72.1±23.5, 56.2±25.7 and differences in all age groups were statistically significant (P<0.01). CVFS in normal diastolic pressure<80, 80-89, 90-99,≥100 mmHg groups were 91.0±16.1, 85.5±20.2, 75.4±23.6, 62.7±25.0 and the differences among all age groups were statistically significant (P<0.01). Conclusions The abnormal rate of cerebrovascular function integral and high risk stroke individuals in middle-aged health checkup people was approximately 21 percent. The overweight, obese and the high level of systolic and diastolic pressure may induce the injury of cerebrovascular function and the severity will increase with the level of BMI and blood pressure.

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