Abstract： Objective To learn the change of causes sequences, the pattern and dynamic trend of causes of death for the inhabitants in Jiaxing from 2009 to 2014, and to provide a major reference for health decisions and disease control and prevention. Method This study was based on chronic disease surveillance information management data in Zhejiang province from 2009 to 2014. ICD-10 criteria and method was used to classify the causes of death. To evaluate health status of those residents, the relative health indicators such as mortality rate, constituent ratio, PYLL, AYLL, PYLL‰were used. Results The average mortality rate of residents was 691.92/100 000 of Jiaxing from 2009 to 2014, with male 760.73/100 000 and female 624.64/100 000 (the average mortality rate of male was significantly higher than that of female, χ2=455.52, P<0.01). The top five causes of death of local residents were malignant neoplasm, respiratory system diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, injury and poisoning, heart diseases, which accounted for 87.95%of all deaths. The mortality caused by malignant neoplasm was 189.53/100 000, which accounted for 31.90% of five main death causes (the rate of male was significantly higher than that of female, χ2=3767.70, P<0.01). The PYLL of malignant neoplasm were 38 368 years, which was the main reason. The AYLL of injury and poisoning were 9.58 years. Conclusion The average mortality rate of residents has been declining across the Jiaxing, but the mortality rate of malignant neoplasm is increasing year by year. The data suggested that malignant neoplasm, cardiovascular disease, unintentional falls, motor vehicle traffic accidents and pneumonia are major factors affecting the health of the population.