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Effectiveness of "Four in one" nutritional management mode in treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus in children

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Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Health Management
Key Word:
糖尿病,1型;儿童;营养管理;Diabetes mellitus;type 1;Child;Nutrition management

Abstract´╝Ü Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of"four in one"nutrition management mode in the treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in children. Methods Ninety children diagnosed with T1DM in Tianjin Children's Hospital were selected during March 2011 to June 2013. Segmented balanced random method was used to generate a random number timer, and the children were divided into intervention group and control group (n=45) by random letters. The patients in the intervention group were treated with"Four in one" nutrition management. Those in the control group were treated with traditional nutrition education method. Observation period was one year. The change of food choices of the parents was assessed before and after the intervention. Nutritional treatment compliance of children,fasting plasma glucose (FPG),2 hours postpransial glucose (2 hPG),and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels and complications, and so on were also evaluated. Results One year after intervention, the percentages of parents who chose low glycemic index food (41/45), vegetables and fruits consumed every day (40/45), often ate soy products(41/45), did not drunk carbonated drinks (43/45) of treatment group were significantly higher than those of control group (24/45, 20/45, 19/45, 26/45, P all<0.001);diet treatment compliance of children in treatment group was significantly better than that of the control group (P=0.000 2);FPG, 2 hPG, HbA1c of two groups of children decreased significantly than before. FPG[(8.11 ± 2.82) mmol/L], 2 hPG [(12.82 ± 1.05) mmol/L], HbA1c [(6.10±0.93)%] of treatment group were significantly lower than those of the control group [(11.71± 2.75) mmol/L, (13.77±1.49) mmol/L, (9.02±0.93)%;t=6.13, 1.66, 14.89;P<0.001 for all comparisons]. After treatment, 14 cases of treatment group had acute ketoacidosis and hypoglycemia , while 39 cases of control group had these complications (P=0.000 00). Readmission occurred in 11 cases of treatment group and 33 of the control group (P=0.000 00). Conclusions "Four in one"nutrition management mode was effective in the management of children with T1DM.

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