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Effect of health management on community hypertensive patients' self efficacy

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Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Health Management
Key Word:
疾病管理;高血压;社区卫生服务;自我效能;Disease management;Hypertension;Community health services;Self efficacy

Abstract´╝Ü Objective To understand the effect of health management to enhance the community hypertensive patients' self-efficacy. Method With the method of stratified random sampling, 347 patients who come from communities were diagnosed as hypertension were selected as research subjects from the range of Yingze in Taiyuan of Shanxi province. There were 191 males and 156 females, the age ranged from 38 to 72 (55.90±9.60) years. The self efficacy promotion plan was conducted on high blood pressure patients. A comparison before and after six months of health management was made among the self efficacy scores, daily life scores, health behavior scores, drug behavior scores, medical compliance behavior scores by using self-efficacy scale. Excel 2007 and SPSS 19.0 were used for data analyses. Result Before the implementation of health management, the self efficacy scores of research subjects were 26.96 ± 0.77. After the implementation of health management, the value increased to 29.51 ± 0.86 (t=-41.23, P<0.05). In four dimensions, daily life (before and after management 6.85 ± 0.20 and 7.49 ± 0.31, t=-40.66), drug behaviors (before and after management 7.52 ± 0.21 vs. 7.98 ± 0.23, t=-26.93) and medical compliance behavior scores (before and after management 5.26±0.15 vs. 6.78±0.19, t=-115.97) were higher than those before the health management except health behaviors (before and after management 7.25 ± 0.40 vs. 7.26 ± 0.40, t=-1.94, P<0.05). Conclusion Health management regulated the self care behavior of patients with hypertension, improved the patients' compliance and enhanced self efficacy, which played an important role in controlling the development of disease.

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