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Effect of group psychological intervention and relaxation training on nurses' job burnout

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Author:
No author available
Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Health Management
Issue:
5
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.issn.1674-0815.2014.05.009
Key Word:
厌倦,职业性;护士;心理疗法;放松训练;Burnout,professional;Nurses;Psychotherapy;Relaxation training

Abstract´╝Ü Objective To evaluate the effect of group psychological intervention and relaxation training on nurses' job burnout.Methods A total of 236 female registered nurses [mean age (27±4) years,and mean employment (17±3) years] were randomly assigned to the intervention group (n=120) and the control group (n=116).The intervention group had 60-minute group psychological intervention,10-minute psychological relaxing exercises and 20-minute progressing muscle relaxing exercises per week for 8 weeks.The control group did not receive any instrument.The participants were assessed at the 1st and 8th week by using the Job Burnout Scale.Results There was no statistical significance in three dimensions of the Job Burnout Scale between the two groups at baseline (P>0.05).However,after the intervention,the intervention group had lower scores of EE (13.62±7.86 vs.19.83±4.89) and DP (5.25±3.27 vs.6.55±3.43) and higher scores of PA (38.28±6.34 vs.32.13±7.06) than the control group (all P<0.01),and had lower scores of EE (18.92±8.36 vs.13.62±7.86) and DP (6.44±3.56 vs.5.25±3.27) and higher scores of PA (28.39±7.78 vs.38.28 ± 6.34) than baseline (all P<0.01).The control group showed no significant difference in those parameters before and after the intervention (P>0.05).In the intervention group,1-9 years employment subgroup had lower scores of EE (13.21±7.32 vs.16.91±5.63) and DP (5.61±4.33 vs.7.80±4.59) and higher scores of PA (36.34±7.28 vs.31.39±6.88) than the control group; 10-19 years employment subgroup had lower scores of EE (11.68±5.95 vs.15.14±6.43) and DP (5.11±3.65 vs.7.82±5.21) and higher scores of PA (31.24±8.90 vs.27.33±5.96) than the control group (all P<0.01); 20-29 years employment subgroup had lower scores of EE (12.37±5.23 vs.15.36±4.98) than the control group (P<0.01).Conclusions Group psychological intervention and relaxation training could effectively relieve nurses' job burnout.

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