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Long-term care needs and its influencing factors among elderly people living in rural areas of Beijing

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Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Health Management
Key Word:
老年人;护理;卫生服务需求;Aged;Nursing care;Health services needs and demand

Abstract´╝Ü Objective To understand current status and influencing factors of long-term care for elderly people who lived in rural areas of Beijing.Methods A total of 1022 elderly people (age>60 years old) were enrolled in this cross-sectional study during December,2012 and January,2013.Demographic information,health status and needs of and intent to long-term care were learned through a questionaire survey.Chi-square test and muhiple non-conditional logistic regression analysis were used to identify the factors that were related to the respondents' selection.Results Nearly 6.6% (61/1016) participants showed needs for long-term care.82.3% (841/1013) respondents preferred household-based long-term care,while 7.53% (77/1013) preferred community-based long-term care.In single factor analysis,education level,occupation,household income,living conditions,number of children living together,medical insurance,pension insurance,chronic diseases and self-report hearing ability,taste and touch were related with longterm care needs (x2values were 33.03,136.17,99.32,88.83,58.07,147.71,108.11,9.85,33.78,30.45 and 22.22,respectively; all P<0.05).Multivariate analysis showed that occupation,income per capita,spouses living conditions,new corporative medical systems and self-report visual status were correlated with household-based long-term care (odds ratio (OR) were 2.48 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.21-5.10),0.82(0.71-0.95),1.64 (1.08-2.49),4.78 (2.93-7.82) and 0.72 (0.59-0.89),respectively).Conclusion Householdbased long-term care and health management system may be needed and chosen by the elderly living in rural areas of Beijing.

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