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Impact of self-management of hypertension on self efficacy among community residents

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Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Health Management
Key Word:
高血压;社区医学;自我效验;Hypertension;Community medicine;Self efficacy

Abstract´╝Ü Objective To evaluate the impact of hypertension self-management on self efficacy of community residents.Methods November 2011 to February 2012,twenty-eight medium-sized and better adherence to community was selected from fourteen districts and counties in Beijing.In this community-based randomized controlled trial,323 hypertensive patients were randomly assigned to the treatment group (n =159,receiving hypertension self-management) and the control group (n=164,receiving standard hypertension management).A questionary survey was completed at baseline and 6 weeks.Rank sum test or Chi-square test was used for data analysis.Results The average age of the treatment group or the control group was (61.9 ±9.1) vs (61.8 ±9.0) years old,respectively.No significant difference in mean age,gender and education level was found between the two groups (F =0.164,x2 values were 0.782 and 2.093,respectively ; all P > 0.05).In the treatment group,the scores of fatigue,headache and shortness of breath were declined (when compared with the controlled females,Z =-5.198,-3.873,-2.781 ; P < 0.05).Self-efficacy score of the treatment group was increased after the intervention.Women's symptom management self-efficacy and common disease management self-efficacy were significantly higher (Z=-2.958,-2.582; P < 0.05).In comparison with the control group,before and after self-management,the added scores of communication ability with doctors were increased.But the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05).Conclusion Six-week self-management program may improve self efficacy among hypertensive patients.

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