Abstract： Objectives To learn the effect of self-recognition-based healthy management on community diabetics. Methods A total of 40 community diabetics were evaluated and trained for 3 months.SPSS11.5 software was used for data analysis. Results At 3 months, some risk factors of diabetes,including body weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumstance (WC), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and 2 h postprandial blood sugar (PBS), were improved (P ＜0. 05). Male patients showed statistically significant reduction in body weight, BMI and WC ( P ＜ 0. 05 ).However, female subjects were found to have significant decline in body weight, BMI, WC, SBP and DBP (P＜0. 05). Those ＞60 year-old had significantly decreased body weight, BMI, WC, SBP, DBP and 2 h PBS ( P ＜ 0. 05). Lower levels of WC, SBP and triglyceride were seen in individuals ＜ 60 year-old ( P ＜0. 05 ). Conclusion Self-recognition-based healthy management could effectively reduce diabetic risk factors and prevent the development of diabetic complications.