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Exploratory study on the relationship between psychosomatic disease and smoking & alcohol drinking in fisherman

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Author:
No author available
Journal Title:
CHINESE JOURNAL OF NAUTICAL MEDICINE AND HYPERBARIC MEDICINE
Issue:
4
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.issn.1009-6906.2004.04.007
Key Word:
渔民;心身疾病;吸烟;饮酒

Abstract´╝Ü 目的探讨20~39岁渔民心身疾病与吸烟和饮酒嗜好的关系.方法调查54例20~39岁渔民既往疾病史、进行体格检查,并采用Russell吸烟原因问卷、酒精依赖性疾患识别测验问卷Ⅰ、Ⅱ进行检测,对所患的心身疾病、吸烟饮酒的数量和问卷检测结果进行统计学分析,以了解烟酒嗜好与所患心身疾病的关系.结果渔民组吸烟和饮酒的比率、年限及烟酒消费的数量远较对照组高(P<0.01或0.001);高血压、肝炎、结膜炎的发生率较对照组明显增高(P<0.05或0.001).吸烟、饮酒与疾病间相关性显示:患肝肿大、溃疡和结膜炎者与吸烟,患肝炎、肝硬化、肥胖、溃疡病和结膜炎者与饮酒均明显相关.结论渔民是一吸烟饮酒的群体,他们中与吸烟饮酒有关的心身疾病的发生率明显增高.他们吸烟饮酒有职业性和非职业性的动因,因此,必须改善他们船舶的条件和心理社会环境.

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