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Analysis of perioperative complications and influencing factors of complications in 1 000 cases of robotic gynecological surgery

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Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Key Word:
妇科外科手术;机器人手术;手术并发症;Gynecologic surgical procedures;Robotic surgical procedures;Surgical complications

Abstract´╝Ü Objective:To investigate the occurrence and influencing factors of perioperative complications after robotic gynecologic surgery.Methods:The clinical data and occurrence of perioperative complications in 1 000 cases robotic surgery completed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed.Results:(1) Clinical data: the average age of the patients was (50.2±10.4) years old, and the average body mass index (BMI) was (24.4±3.6) kg/m 2. Among 1 000 cases, 811 cases of them were malignant tumors, including 405 cases of cervical cancer, 279 cases of endometrial carcinoma, 112 cases of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), 15 cases of vulvar cancer; 189 cases of them were benign diseases, including 43 cases of uterine prolapse, 57 cases hysterectomy of uterine leiomyoma and adenomyosis of the uterus ≥12 weeks, 84 cases myomectomy of uterine leiomyoma, and 5 cases of fallopian tubal ligation requiring anastomosis. Surgical methods: in patients with malignant tumors, cervical cancer, hysterectomy plus salpingectomy or salpingo-oophorectomy for stage Ⅰa1, and radical hysterectomy plus pelvic lymphatic dissection plus salpingectomy or salpingo-oophorectomy for stage Ⅰa2-Ⅱb. Endometrial carcinoma, performed by staging surgery. Staging surgery for EOC with early stage and cytoreductive surgery with advanced EOC. Vulvar cancer, extensive vulvar resection plus inguinal lymphadenectomy. In patients with benign diseases, uterine prolapse, hysterectomy plus salpingectomy or salpingo-oophorectomy plus sacrocolpopexy. Uterine leiomyoma or adenomyosis with uterus ≥ 12 weeks, hysterectomy plus salpingectomy or salpingo-oophorectomy. Myomectomy for patients requiring uterine preservation with uterine leiomyoma. Tubal anastomosis for patients with fallopian tubal ligation. (2) Surgical complications: intraoperative complications occurred in 25 patients (2.5%, 25/1 000), including 11 patients with vascular laceration, 11 patients with ureteral injury, 2 patients with bladder injury, and 1 patient with intestinal injury. Postoperative complications occurred in 130 patients (13.0%, 130/1 000), including 66 cases of lower limb venous thrombosis, 20 cases of lymphatic cyst, 8 cases of hydronephrosis, 9 cases of ileus, 16 cases with infection, 6 cases with genital fistula, 4 cases with trocar site herniation and 1 case with subcutaneous emphysema. The incidence of intraoperative complications was 3.1% (25/811) in malignant tumors and no case in benign diseases, the incidence rate in malignant tumors was significantly higher than that in benign diseases ( χ2=4.778, P=0.029). The incidence rate in cervical cancer (4.2%, 17/405) and EOC (3.6%, 4/112) were significantly higher than those in endometrial carcinoma (1.4%, 4/279) and vulvar cancer (0/15; P<0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications was 15.2% (123/811) in malignant tumors and 3.7% (7/189) in benign diseases. The incidence rate in malignant tumors was significantly higher than that in benign diseases ( χ2=17.807, P<0.01), but there were no significant difference among different malignant tumors ( χ2=4.318, P=0.229). (3) The correlative factors affecting the occurrence of surgical complications: patient′s age, BMI, previous pelvic or abdominal surgery history, the nature of disease (malignant or benign), operation time, and comorbidities had a significant impact on the incidence of postoperative complications ( P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the patient′s age ≥40 years old, BMI ≥25 kg/m 2, previous pelvic or abdominal surgery history, malignant tumors and comorbidities were independent influential factors of the postoperative complications ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Perioperative complications vary according to the type of the surgery. The age, BMI, previous pelvic or abdominal surgery history, malignant tumors, and comorbidities are influential factors of postoperative complications.

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