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Clinical effect of adding hMG to the follicular phase long protocol for standard group with normal ovarian reserve function

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Author:
No author available
Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue:
5
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.cn112141-20210327-00155
Key Word:
生殖技术,辅助;促生育素类;卵泡期;临床方案;妊娠结局;Reproductive techniques, assisted;Menotropins;Follicular phase;Clinical protocol;Pregnancy outcome

Abstract´╝Ü Objective:To investigate the impact of adding human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) for in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer pregnancy outcomes in a standard population of non-advanced age with normal ovarian reserve function using a long follicular phase protocol.Methods:Clinical data of 489 patients with normal ovarian reserve function, who were admitted from January 2018 to January 2020 in the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University and underwent in vitro fertilization for the first time with the long follicular phase protocol in fresh cycles, were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into three groups according to whether or not to add urine-derived hMG and the timing of addition: non-addition group (group A), medium-term hMG group (group B1), whole course hMG group (group B2); the laboratory parameters of each group were observed, and the effect of ovulation induction drugs and pregnancy outcomes were compared.Results:The ages of B1 and B2 groups were significantly higher than that of group A ( P=0.019 and P=0.011). The basal FSH level of group B2 was significantly higher than those of group A and group B1 ( P<0.01 and P=0.006), and the basal FSH/LH ratio of group B2 was significantly higher than that of group B1 ( P=0.009). Antral follicle counts of group A and group B1 were significantly higher than that of group B2 ( P=0.007 and P=0.017). The superior embryo rate of group B2 [(47±27)%] was significantly higher than that of group A ( P=0.017). The embryo implantation rate of group B1 was significantly lower than those of group A and group B2 ( P=0.043 and P<0.01). The clinical pregnancy rate of group B2 [76.7% (155/202)] was significantly higher than those of group A ( P=0.039) and group B1 ( P<0.01). The live-birth rate of group B2 [67.3% (136/202)] was significantly higher than those of group A ( P=0.017) and group B1 ( P=0.001). Conclusions:For non-advanced aged patients with normal ovarian reserve function, the long protocol of follicular phase is suitable for those with relatively low ovarian reserve function. Adding hMG in the whole course of ovulation induction after gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist reduction could improve the pregnancy outcomes by improving the quality of embryos.

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