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Effect of body mass index on the assisted reproductive outcome of frozen-thawed embryo transfer in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome

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Author:
No author available
Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue:
4
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.cn112141-20201223-00906
Key Word:
人体质量指数;多囊卵巢综合征;胚胎移植;低温保存;妊娠结局;Body mass index;Polycystic ovary syndrome;Embryo Transfer;Cryopreservation;Pregnancy outcome

Abstract´╝Ü Objective:To investigate the effect of body mass index (BMI) on clinical pregnancy and neonatal outcomes in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) during frozen-thawed embryo transfer.Methods:A total of 650 patients with PCOS who received routine in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection treatment for frozen-thawed embryo transfer from June 2014 to June 2019 in Tianjin Central Hospital of Gynecology Obstetrics were retrospectively analyzed. According to BMI, PCOS patients were divided into group A (18.5≤BMI<23 kg/m 2, n=253), group B (23≤BMI<25 kg/m 2, n=167), and group C (BMI≥25 kg/m 2, n=230). The general information, clinical pregnancy outcomes, pregnancy complications, the incidence of macrosomia and low-birth-weight infants were compared in the three groups, and the influencing factors of neonatal birth weight were analyzed. Results:The embryo implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, and ongoing pregnancy rate all showed downward trend with the increase of BMI, but the differences were not statistically significant (all P>0.05). The live birth rate in group C [47.0% (108/230)] was significantly lower than those in groups A and B, with statistical significance ( χ2 =7.43, P=0.024). The late miscarriage rate was higher in group C [9.4% (13/139)] than in groups A and B ( χ2 =7.66, P=0.022). The birth rates of macrosomia in groups B [22.2% (16/72)] and group C [21.1% (16/76)] were significantly higher than that in group A, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 =14.15, P=0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of gestational diabetes between the three groups ( χ2 =3.81, P=0.149). The incidence of hypertension disorders complicating pregnancy increased with the increase of BMI, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). Regression analysis showed that macrosomia was significantly associated with maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weeks, and the risk of macrosomia increased by 15% (95% CI: 3%-28%) for every increase in maternal BMI. Conclusions:The embryo implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, and ongoing pregnancy rate of PCOS patients in frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles show downward trend with the increase of BMI. Obese patients with PCOS have a significant increase in late miscarriage rate and a significant decrease in live birth rate. The incidence of hypertension disorders complicating pregnancy in PCOS patients in the obese group has an increasing trend, and the birth rate of macrosomia has increased significantly. Therefore, it is recommended that obese women with PCOS lose weight scientifically before pregnancy to improve pregnancy and neonatal outcomes.

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