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Establishment of mouse pancreatic ductal organoids and exploration of its physiological functions

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Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology
Key Word:
胰腺导管类器官;胰腺炎;离子通道;抗菌肽;模型,动物;Pancreatic organoids;Pancreatitis;Ion channels;Antimicrobial peptides;Models, animal

Abstract´╝Ü Objective:To establish culture system for mouse pancreatic ductal organoids and investigate the morphology and physiological functions of the organoids.Methods:Pancreatic tissues were taken from C57BL/6 mice (6-8 weeks) and digested by collagenase Ⅳ. The pancreatic ducts were separated and collected and then the pancreatic organoids were cultured in the complete medium after Matrix gel embedding. Morphological evaluation of the organoids was performed after hematoxylin-eosin staining. The expression and localization of markers for organoids were identified by Western Blot and immunofluorescence staining; and the expression and localization of ion channels and antimicrobial peptides of the organoids were detected by agarose gel electrophoresis and immunofluorescence staining.Results:Mouse pancreatic organoids were successfully established, which could be stably passaged for 10 generations. The organoids grew spherically and formed a duct-like structure. The internal cavity corresponded to the lumen of pancreatic duct tissue. The pancreatic organoids stably expressed stem progenitor cell marker gene SOX9 and ductal epithelial cell-specific gene KRT19, which were both localized in the epithelium. The organoids did not express amylase. The organoids maintained stable expression of epithelial ion channels Clcn1, Kcnma1, CFTR, Slc12a5, Slc26a3, Slc26a6 and Scnn1a, low expression of Ano1 and no expression of Clcn3, Kcna1, Kcna2, Kcnd3, Kcnh1, Atp12a, Slc4a4, Slc9a1, Slc12a2 and Slc26a11; and CFTR highly expressed in epithelial cells. The organoids maintained high expression of antimicrobial peptides Reg3a, CRAMP and glycoprotein 2, low expression of Defb1, Defb2, and Defb3 and no expression of Defa1 and Defa4; and both CRAMP and Reg3a were expressed in the epithelial cells and secreted into the lumen of the organoids.Conclusions:Mouse pancreatic organoids are successfully established, which can be stably passaged. The organoids maintain the characteristics of ductal epithelial cells and can be used as an in vitro model to study the physiology of pancreatic ducts.

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