Abstract： Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) with adsorptive filter oXiris in the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).Methods:The clinical data of 5 SAP patients who received the treatment of absorptive filter oXiris in Department of Critical Care Medicine of Shanghai General Hospital from February 2021 to February 2022 were collected. The changes of inflammatory indicators, hemodynamics, acid-base balance indicators and organ function indicators were compared before and 24 h after treatment.Results:Before the treatment of oXiris, 3 patients had pancreatic necrotic infection, and all the five patients had systemic inflammatory response syndrome(SIRS), acute respiratory and circulatory failure and acute renal injury. At 24 h after the treatment with oXiris, the levels of inflammatory indicators such as white blood cell count [(13.4±5.0)×10 9/L vs (25.8±10.0)×10 9/L), CRP [(149.6±68.3)mg/L] vs (289.0±129.4)mg/L] and procalcitonin [3.7(1.4, 17.7)ng/ml vs 12.2(3.2, 62.9)ng/ml] in the blood samples from the patients were greatly decreased. Hemodynamics were obviously improved; heart rate [(107.4±9.5)bpm/min vs (143.4±9.7)bpm/min] was decreased, and the mean artery pressure [(87±5)mmHg vs (73±13)mmHg], 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa] tended to be stabilized. Metabolic acidosis was significantly improved; pH value (7.4±0.0 vs 7.2±0.1) and base excess (-2.1±2.5 vs -14.5±6.1) were increased, while lactic acid [(2.6±1.2)mmol/L vs (10.62±6.55)mmol/L] was decreased. Organ dysfunctions were improved; PaO 2/FiO 2 value (241.7±58.5 vs 115.9±53.6) was increased, while serum creatinine [(148.0±42.5)μmol/L vs (232.8±77.4)μmol/L], intra-abdominal pressure [(18.6±4.5)mmHg vs (24.2±4.0)]mmHg, modified Marshall score [3(3.0, 4.0) vs 6(5.5, 9.0)] and APACHEⅡ score (17.6±2.9 vs 26.0±5.2) were decreased. All the differences above were statistically significant (all P value <0.05). Conclusions:It is safe and feasible to treat SAP patients with CRRT by using oXiris in clinical practice, which may have the functions of clearing inflammatory mediators, stabilizing hemodynamics and acid-base balance and improving organ function.