Abstract： Objective:To systematically assess the risk factors for acute pancreatitis in pregnancy (APIP) in China in recent 10 years.Methods:Acute pancreatitis, pregnancy, risk factors and clinical features were used as search terms. Case-control studies on APIP in China were retrieved by computer from PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database from December 2011 to December 2021. RevMan 5.4 software was utilized for Meta analysis.Results:A total of 1525 APIP patients (645 severe cases and 880 mild cases) were included in 26 literatures. Meta analysis showed that early pregnancy, late pregnancy, hyperlipidemia and biliary etiology were the risk factors for APIP. In the early pregnancy, 4.22% of patients were in the severe group and 10.43% were in the mild group; In the late pregnancy, 81.95% of the patients were in the severe group and 69.72% were in the mild group. The causes of hyperlipidemia accounted for 52.16% in the severe group and 22.69% in the mild group. The causes of biliary disease accounted for 27.96% in the severe group and 41.71% in the mild group. All the differences of the above indicators between groups were statistically significant (all P value <0.05). The age at onset, body mass index, serum C-reactive protein and triacylglycerol levels of severe patients were higher than those of mild patients, and were positively correlated with the severity of APIP ( MD values were 0.99, 65.97, 1.33, 6.44, 95% CI values were 0.03-1.96, 0.59-2.08, 23.43-108.50, 4.49-8.39, P values were 0.04, 0.0005, 0.002, <0.001). The levels of blood calcium and serum albumin were lower than those of mild patients, and were negatively correlated with the severity of APIP ( MD values were -0.37, -5.93, 95% CI values were -0.50--0.24, -9.11--2.75, P values were <0.001, 0.003). Conclusions:Acute pancreatitis can occur in all stages of pregnancy. Early pregnancy is mainly mild, and severe cases are more common in late pregnancy. Hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis progresses rapidly, and tends to become more severe in China.