Abstract： Objective:To develop and apply the optimal evidence-based practice plan for enteral nutrition management in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) patients.Methods:We combined the best evidence and scenario analysis to form the optimal evidence-based practice plan for enteral nutrition management in patients with severe acute pancreatitis, and integrated the plan into clinical practice. According to the procedure of evidence-based practice of the JBI Evidence-based Center, 18 nurses in the intensive care unit (ICU) were trained, and 30 SAP patients were subjected to a baseline review of the implementation of nutritional support care, with obstacles addressed and analyzed. The nutritional support quality were re-examined in another 30 SAP patients after the current plan was practiced.Results:Compared with the results of the baseline review, after the implementation of this plan, the implementation rate of the reviewed indicators was significantly improved; the ICU nurses showed a significant increase in the knowledge of SAP enteral nutrition (88.9% vs 33.3%, P<0.05. Except for the correct rate of catheter selection (100.0% vs 100.0%), the correct rate of implementation of the other 8 indicators (enteral nutrition timing selection, pre-catheterization evaluation, preparation, patients′ position, nutrition preparation selection, perfusion rate regalation, energy calculation, infusion method) was significantly improved (all P value <0.05). Furthermore, both the tolerance and satisfaction of SAP patients for enteral nutrition were significantly improved (all P value <0.05). Conclusions:The application of the optimal evidence-based practice plan for enteral nutrition management of SAP patients was beneficial to standardize the practice of ICU nurses, improve the quality of clinical care and improve the tolerance and satisfaction of enteral nutrition care of SAP patients.