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Antisense oligodeoxynucleotides of glial glutamate transporter-1 inhibits the neuro-protection of cerebral ischemic preconditioning in rats

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Author:
No author available
Journal Title:
ACTA PHYSIOLOGICA SINICA
Issue:
4
DOI:
10.3321/j.issn:0371-0874.2008.04.008
Key Word:
脑缺血预处理;脑缺血耐受;海马;胶质细胞谷氨酸转运体-1;反义寡核苷酸;大鼠

Abstract´╝Ü 本研究应用胶质细胞谷氨酸转运体-1(glial glutamate transporter-1,GLT-1)的反义寡核苷酸(antisense oligo-deoxynucleotides,AS-ODNs)抑制Wistar大鼠GLT-1蛋白的表达,观察其对脑缺血预处理(cerebral ischemic preconditioning.CIP)增强脑缺血耐受作用的影响,探讨GLT-1在CIP诱导的脑缺血耐受中的作用.将凝闭双侧椎动脉的Wistar大鼠随机分为7组:(1)Sham组:只暴露双侧颈总动脉,不阻断血流;(2)CIP组:夹闭双侧颈总动脉3 min;(3)脑缺血打击组:夹闭双侧颈总动脉8 min;(4)CIP+脑缺血打击组:夹闭双侧颈总动脉3 min作为CIP,再灌注2 d后,夹闭双侧颈总动脉8min;(5)双蒸水组:于分离暴露双侧颈总动脉(但不夹闭)前12 h、后12 h及后36 h右侧脑室注射双蒸水,每次5 μL,其它同sham组;(6)AS-ODNs组:于分离暴露双侧颈总动脉(但不夹闭)前12 h、后12 h及后36 h右侧脑室注射GLT-1 AS-ODNs溶液,每次5 μL,其它同sham组,再根据AS-ODNs的剂量进一步分为9 nmol和18 nmol 2个亚组;(7)AS-ODNs+CIP+脑缺血打击组:于CIP前12 h、后12 h及后36 h右侧脑室注射GLT-1 AS-ODNs溶液,每次5 μL,其它同CIP+脑缺血打击组,根据AS-ODNs的剂量进一步分为9 nmol和18 nmol 2个亚组.Western blot分析法观察GLT-1蛋白的表达,硫堇染色观察海马CA1区锥体神经元迟发性死亡(delayed neuronal death,DND)情况.Western blot分析显示,侧脑室注射GLT-1 AS-ODNs可剂量依赖性地抑制大鼠海马CA1区GLT-1蛋白表达.硫堇染色显示,sham组和CIP组海马CA1区未见明显的DND;脑缺血打击组海马CA1区有明显的DND:预先给予CIP可显著对抗脑缺血打击引起的DND,表明CIP可以诱导海马CA1区神经元产生缺血性耐受,对抗脑缺血打击引起的DND;而在GLT-1 AS-ODNs+CIP+脑缺血打击组,侧脑室注射GLT-1 AS-ODNs后,大鼠海马CA1区出现了明显的DND,表明GLT-1 AS-ODNs通过抑制大鼠GLT-1蛋白表达从而减弱CIP对抗脑缺血打击的神经保护作用.以上结果进一步证实了GLT-1参与CIP诱导的脑缺血耐受.

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