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Primary bone lymphoma in children: report of 11 cases and review of literature

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Author:
No author available
Journal Title:
Journal of Leukemia and Lymphoma
Issue:
1
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.cn115356-20220326-00089
Key Word:
淋巴瘤;骨肿瘤;儿童;临床特点;预后;Lymphoma;Bone neoplasms;Child;Clinical features;Prognosis

Abstract´╝Ü Objective:To investigate the clinical manifestations, pathological features, treatment and prognosis of primary bone lymphoma in children.Methods:The clinical data of children who were initially diagnosed as primary bone lymphoma and treated in Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2016 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including gender, onset age, primary involvement site, clinical stage, pathological type, fracture, and clinical outcome. The related literature was reviewed.Results:All 11 children were initially diagnosed as primary bone lymphoma, with a median age of onset of 8.6 years old (2.7-12.3 years old), including 7 males and 4 females. There were 7 cases of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), 3 cases of B lymphoblastic lymphoma (BLL), and 1 case of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL). The initial symptoms were bone pain in 8 cases, local swelling in 1 case, limp in 1 case, and fever in 1 case. One case was in stage Ⅰ, 7 cases were in stageⅡ, and 3 cases were in stage Ⅳ, and the most common sites of involvement were femur and tibia. All 11 cases were treated with chemotherapy according to different pathological types, with a median follow-up time of 45 months (7-80 months). Ten cases got complete remission, 1 case of BLL died of bone marrow recurrence after chemotherapy remission.Conclusions:The clinical manifestations of primary bone lymphoma in children are insidious, DLBCL is the most common pathological type, and the prognosis is good after standardized treatment.

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