The International Journal of Respiration ，formerly Section of Respiratory System Foreign Medical Sciences ，established in 1981，was later renamed in 2006 as International Journal of Respiration . The aim of the journal is to conduct the policies of the party and country，combine theory with practice，integrate popularization with progress. The journal reflects the latest basic and clinical advances of respiratory field at home and abroad，enhances academic exchange. The journal mainly covers the latest trends of respiratory diseases at home and abroad， scientific achievements, diagnosis-treatment guide, specialist’s comment, topic lecture, clinical experience，typical case report. The readers involve doctors and nurses in respiratory department, emergency department, ICU, pediatrics department, geriatrics department，thoracic department， sleep center and allergic reaction department，as well as the workers in basic and clinical studies of the respiratory field. The main columns include Comment, Original Paper, Review, Clinical Experience, Research Report,Case Reports,Continuing Medical Education and others. The papers published in the journal are indexed by the following database in China.Database of Chinese Scientific and Technological Periodicals,Comprehensive Data Banks for evaluation of Chinese Academic Periodicals,Bibliographic List of Chinese Core Periodicals,Chinese Biomedical Literature disc,Chinese Academic Issue Abstracts, Chinese Science Citation Databases,Chinese Science Citation Index,Chinese Periodicals of Statistical Origin,Chinese Science and Technology Papers in Statistical Source. The journal has become a major influencing core periodical with features, strictness in science， richness in column，much information，standardized editing. In 2005,granted by the Ministry of Health of the People’s Republic of China, the journal was awarded as the 3rd place prize for the First Medical and Pharmaceutical Excellent Periodicals. In 2005,it was granted as the 2nd place prize for Excellent Periodicals of Chinese Medical Association.