Prognosis and related factors of postnatal glucose and lipid metabolism in women with hyperglycemia during pregnancy

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Author:
SUN Wei-jie(Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034)
WU Hong-hua()
YANG Hui-xia(Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034)
GUO Xiao-hui()
Journal Title:
CHINESE JOURNAL OF PERINATAL MEDICINE
Issue:
Volume 14, Issue 04, 2011
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.issn.1007-9408.2011.04.004
Key Word:
Diabetes,gestational;Hyperglycemia;Postpartum period;Lipid metabolism;Follow-up studies

Abstract: Objective (1) To investigate the glucose and lipid metabolism 6-12 weeks after delivery in women with hyperglycemia during pregnancy. (2) To find out factors associated with the prognosis of women with hyperglycemia during pregnancy. (3) To investigate the feasibility of the diagnostic criteria set by the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group according to the follow-up data of women with hyperglycemia in pregnancy. Methods Clinical data of 262 women with hyperglycemia during pregnancy delivered in our hospital from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2009 were collected. All patients underwent oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) at 6-12weeks after delivery. They were divided into two groups according to the postnatal status of glucose and lipid metabolism. Multivariate Logistic regression model was used to analyze the factors affected glucose and lipid metabolism after 6-12 weeks of delivery. Results (1) Among the 262 women, 92(35.1%) were reported with abnormal glucose metabolism at 6-12 weeks of delivery, including one (0. 4 % ) woman with impaired fasting glucose, 81 (30. 9 % ) with impaired glucose tolerance, 4( 1.5 % )with impaired fasting glucose+impaired glucose tolerance and 6 (2. 3%) with diabetes mellitus.glucose levels in OGTT (OGTT 2hPG and the OGTT 3hPG) were risk factors for postpartum 0. 181-0. 918)]. (3) All markers of lipid metabolism were detected in 250 women with hyperglycemia during pregnancy at 6-12 weeks after delivery, the rate of abnormal postnatal lipid metabolism was 63.2%(158/250). In the abnormal group (n= 174), the most common abnormal marker was hypercholesterolemia (n = 126, 50. 4 % ), followed by high levels of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (n = 102, 40. 8 %), hypertriglyceridemia (n= 60, 24. 0 %) and low levels of high-density lipoproteincholesterol (n= 11, 4. 4 %). (4) Logistic regression model showed that elevated OGTT 2hPG was the risk factor for postpartum abnormal glucose metabolism [OR= 1. 364 (95%CI: 1. 063-1. 751)], while 0. 169-0. 851)]. Conclusions Women with hyperglycemia during pregnancy are more likely to present with abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism which commonly coexisted with insulin resistance.The risk factors for the postpartum abnormal glucose metabolism in mothers with hyperglycemia during pregnancy include early diagnosis, OGTT 2hPG and OGTT 3hPG, while the protective factor is breastfeeding. The risk factor for the postpartum dyslipidaemia in mothers with hyperglycemia during pregnancy is OGTT 2hPG, while the protective factor is high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol level in pregnancy.

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