Expression of surfactant protein-C and Ki67 in pulmonary tissues of premature infants died of hyaline membrane disease

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LU Hong-yan(Department of Pediatrics, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China)
CHANG Li-wen(Department of Pediatrics, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China)
LI Wen-bin(Department of Pediatrics, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China)
Journal Title:
Volume 12, Issue 03, 2009
Key Word:
Hyaline membrane disease; Pulmonary surfactant-associated protein C; Ki-67 antigen; Infant, premature

Abstract: Objective To determine the expression of surfactant protein-c (SP-C) and Ki67 in autopsy lung tissues of premature infants died of hyaline membrane disease (HMD) who were exposed to mechanical ventilation and high oxygen concentrations/pulmonary surfactant (PS). The possible influence of surfactant on the expression of SP-C and Ki67 was also investigated. Methods Thirty preterm infants diagnosed as HMD by clinical data and pathology were selected. Mechanical ventilation and supplemental oxygen (FiO2 0.6-1.0) were given to these infants within 6 hours after birth. According to the duration of ventilation at high oxygen concentrations, all subjects were diveded into four groups: ventilation for 1-3 days, 4-8 days, 9-16 days and >16 days. Five premature infants died within 1 day after delivery for none pulmonary reasons served as controls. The expression of SP-C and Ki67 in lungs were detected by immunobistochemistry. Results The pulmonary pathology in these HMD infants at different phases was consisitent with the main features of different stages during the progress from HMD towards bronchopulmonary dysplasia. The positive staining of SP-C was restricted to type Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cells, and Ki67 positive were preferentially localized in nuclei of alveolar and bronchiolar epithelial cells and fihroblasts. Compared with the control group, the expression of SP-C and Ki67 in HMD infants decreased significantly after 1-3 days of ventialation, but increased after 4 days and reached the peak value after 9-16 days. The expression of SP-C and Ki67 in control group, 1-3 days and 9-16 days of ventialation were 0. 1891±0. 0253, 0. 1576±0. 0327 and 0. 2271±0. 0238 for SP-C and 0. 2297±0. 0380, 0.1929±0. 0403 and 0. 2849±0. 0368 for Ki67, respectively. No significant difference in the expression of SP-C and Ki67 was found between infants treated with PS and those without (P>0.05). Conclusions SP-C and Ki67 may have participated in the pulmonary pathological process in ventilated/oxygen treated preterm infants with HMD, and exogenous surfactant had no effect on the expression of SP-C and Ki67.

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