Embryonic stem cell transplantation in the cortex of mouse models of Alzheimer's disease

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Author:
WANG Qing-hua(Department of Neurosurgery, Neurosurgery Institute, Key Laboratory on Brain Function Repair and Regeneration of Guangdong Province, Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510282, China)
XU Ru-xiang(Department of Neurosurgery, Neurosurgery Institute, Key Laboratory on Brain Function Repair and Regeneration of Guangdong Province, Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510282, China)
Seigo Nagao()
Journal Title:
CHINESE JOURNAL OF NEUROMEDICINE
Issue:
Volume 10, Issue 05, 2011
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.issn.1671-8925.2011.05.009
Key Word:
Stem cell transplantation;Alzheimer's disease;Mouse

Abstract: Objective To elucidate the differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) after their transplantation into mouse models of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and observe the changes of learning and memory abilities of the mice. Methods The C57BL/6 AD mice were randomly divided into 4 groups:dementia group (n=14), enjoying the dementia in the mouse models of right nucleus basalis of Meynert (NBM) lesion destroyed by Ibotenic; sham-operated group (n=14), injecting PBS in the right NBM;transplantation group (n=12), enjoying the dementia in the mouse models of right NBM lesion destroyed by Ibotenic and performing transplantation with ESCs in the frontal and parietal cortices; and normal control group (n=12), without giving any treatment. Behavioral tests by eight-arm radial maze were conducted to evaluate the changes of learning and memory abilities of the mice 12 weeks after the transplantation. HE staining and double staining of HuC/D-green fluorescent protein (GFP) and glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP)-GFP were performed to observe the differentiation of ESCs in the cortices 12 weeks after their transplantation. Results It was demonstrated by HE staining that the ESCs transplanted into the cortices developed into malignant teratoma in all AD mice and the frontal lobe had the largest one;no expressions of HuC/D and GFPA were noted. The value of working memory error (WME) in mice of the dementia group was significantly higher than that in the normal controls (t=6.130,P=0.000), while the WME value in the mice of transplantation group was obviously higher than that in the mice of dementia group (t=6.460, P=0.000). The value of reference memory error between each 2 groups was not significantly different (F=0.144, P=0.065). Conclusion ESCs transplanted into the frontal and parietal cortices cannot be differentiated into neurons or glias but into tetratoma, and recent memory disruption of AD mice even worsen.

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