Long-term follow-up and outcome of patients who survived more than 7 years after liver transplantation:a single-center analysis

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Author:
FU Bin-sheng(Liver Transplantation Center, Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Sat-sen University, Guangzhou 510630, China)
XU Chi(Liver Transplantation Center, Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Sat-sen University, Guangzhou 510630, China)
YANG Yang(Liver Transplantation Center, Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Sat-sen University, Guangzhou 510630, China)
CHEN Gui-hua(Liver Transplantation Center, Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Sat-sen University, Guangzhou 510630, China)
LI Min-ru(Liver Transplantation Center, Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Sat-sen University, Guangzhou 510630, China)
ZHANG Tong(Liver Transplantation Center, Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Sat-sen University, Guangzhou 510630, China)
ZHU Shu-guang(Liver Transplantation Center, Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Sat-sen University, Guangzhou 510630, China)
LI Hua(Liver Transplantation Center, Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Sat-sen University, Guangzhou 510630, China)
YI Shu-hong(Liver Transplantation Center, Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Sat-sen University, Guangzhou 510630, China)
WANG Gen-shu(Liver Transplantation Center, Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Sat-sen University, Guangzhou 510630, China)
ZHANG Jian(Liver Transplantation Center, Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Sat-sen University, Guangzhou 510630, China)
JIANG Nan(Liver Transplantation Center, Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Sat-sen University, Guangzhou 510630, China)
Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation
Issue:
Volume 33, Issue 09, 2012
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-1785.2012.09.011
Key Word:
Liver transplantation;Complications;Follow-up

Abstract: Objective To investigate the occurrence and prevention measures of long term complications in long term survival recipients after liver transplantation.Methods In the recipients undergoing liver transplantation from Sept. 2003 to Dec. 2004,by Nov. 30,2011,there were 62 cases with the survival time more than seven years.The clinical data and follow up examination results of these 62 cases were retrospectively,including weight,blood pressure,blood sugar,blood lipids,and liver and kidney functions. The incidence of long-term complications was statistically tested.Results Postoperative metabolic complications including overweight or obese occurred in 21 cases (33.9%), new onset diabetes in18 patients (29%), hyperlipidemia in 17 cases (27.4%),hypertension in 9 cases ( 14.5 % ),and kidney dysfunction in 12 patients ( 19.4% ).The incidence of diabetes and hyperlipidemia in the patients with overweight and diabetes (respectively 52.4% and 42.9%) was significantly higher than in the normal weight group (respectively 17.1 % and 19.5 %)(P<0.05).In 58 recipients with primary diseases of hepatitis B-related liver diseases,one case had hepatitis B virus reinfection. In 17 recipients with primary disease of primary liver cancer,tumor recurrence occurred in 2 cases.During the follow up period,4 patients received liver re-transplantation due to hepatic artery stenosis (1 case) or biliary complications-induced loss of the transplanted liver function (3 cases).Conclusion The major complications of the long term survival recipients after liver transplantation are metabolic complications and primary disease relapse. Postoperative long-term follow up and monitoring of recipients is recommended to prevent and treat a variety of long-term complications.

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