Health management reduces risk factors of cardiovascular diseases in community residents

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Author:
LU Yan-ling(Health Checkup Center,Anzhen Hospital ,Beijing 100029, China)
YU Li-qun(Health Checkup Center,Anzhen Hospital ,Beijing 100029, China)
PAN Wei-qi(Health Checkup Center,Anzhen Hospital ,Beijing 100029, China)
Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Health Management
Issue:
Volume 05, Issue 05, 2011
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.issn.1674-0815.2011.05.004
Key Word:
Cardiovascular disease;Risk factors;Health management

Abstract: Objective To investigate the effects of health management on risk factors of cardiovascular diseases in community residents.Methods A total of 208 adults from one single community who visited our health check-up center were randomly assigned to the control group(receiving routine consultation,n =104)and health management group(receiving health management intervention,n =104).At 1-year follow-up,fasting blood glucose(FBG),lipid profiles,and blood pressure(BP)were measured and risk factors of cardiovascular were surveyed.t or x2 test was used for data analysis.Results No difference of clinical data was found between the two groups at baseline.Follow-up results indicated that absolute risk of cardiovascular diseases,number of risk factors,health satisfaction,sick leave,daily vegetables intake and physical exercise,and BP were significantly improved in the health management group.Ten-year absolute risk of cardiovascular diseases(0.8 ± 0.4 vs 1.3 ± 0.5),number of risk factors(172 vs 283),and sick leave per year(118 d vs 264 d)were significantly decreased in the health management group when compared to the control group(all P < 0.05).Furthermore,health satisfaction(83.7%(87/104)vs 52.9%(55/104)),and daily vegetables intake(520.5 g vs 348.3 g)and physical exercise(1.2 h vs 0.3h)were significantly improved in the health management group(all P < 0.05).Conclusion Health management may be effective in decreasing risk factors of cardiovascular diseases in community residents.

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