Clinical center-based health management and quality of life of patients with asthma

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Author:
WANG Wen(Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine,Beijing Chaoyang Hospital,Capital Medical University & Beiiing Institute of Respiratory Medicine,Beijing 100020, China)
HUANG Ke-wu(Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine,Beijing Chaoyang Hospital,Capital Medical University & Beiiing Institute of Respiratory Medicine,Beijing 100020, China)
LIU Qiu-yun(Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine,Beijing Chaoyang Hospital,Capital Medical University & Beiiing Institute of Respiratory Medicine,Beijing 100020, China)
ZHU Ya-ling(Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine,Beijing Chaoyang Hospital,Capital Medical University & Beiiing Institute of Respiratory Medicine,Beijing 100020, China)
WANG Chen(Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine,Beijing Chaoyang Hospital,Capital Medical University & Beiiing Institute of Respiratory Medicine,Beijing 100020, China)
Journal Title:
CHINESE JOURNAL OF HEALTH MANAGEMENT
Issue:
Volume 05, Issue 04, 2011
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.issn.1674-0815.2011.04.004
Key Word:
Asthma;Quality of life;Health management

Abstract: Objective To evaluate the effects of clinical center-based health management on quality of life (QOL) of patients with asthma. Methods A total of 642 patients who had received standard antiasthma treatment over 3 years in our clinical center from September 2005 up to now were randomly assigned to the good compliance group ( group A, n = 326 ) and bad compliance group ( group B, n = 316 ). A questionnaire was used to estimate the awareness about asthma,medical therapy and disease control. Levels of QOL were compared at 6 months and 1 and 3 years after health education. Results In group A,uncontrolled,partly controlled, and completely controlled asthma were found in 21%, 47%, and 32% participants, respectively. Significant difference of QOL was shown between the 2 groups after the intervention ( P < 0. 05 ). At 6 months, forced expiratory volume in one second ( FEV1 ), percentage of predicted FEV1 ( FEV1 % pre) ,and peak expiratory flow rate ( PEF)were significantly improved in group A ( all P <0. 05 ),although acute attack and hospitalization were largely reduced. In comparison with baseline,6 months and 1 year,self-reported QOL, limitation of motion, stimulus avoidance and response, and disease concerns were significantly changed at 3 years. Conclusions Clinic center-based health management could benefit disease control and QOL of patients with asthma.

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