Effect of lifestyle intervention on high-risk adults for hypertension

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Author:
CHEN Mao-xiang(The Physical Examination Centor of Nanhua Hospital Affiliated to University of South China,Hunan Hengyang 421002,China)
NIE Jing(The Physical Examination Centor of Nanhua Hospital Affiliated to University of South China,Hunan Hengyang 421002,China)
XIONG Li-hua(The Physical Examination Centor of Nanhua Hospital Affiliated to University of South China,Hunan Hengyang 421002,China)
Journal Title:
CHINESE JOURNAL OF HEALTH MANAGEMENT
Issue:
Volume 3, Issue 01, 2009
DOI:
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.1674-0815.2009.01.006
Key Word:
Hypertension;Life style;Early intervention(education)

Abstract: Objective To evaluate the effect of lifestyle intervention on high-risk individuals for hypertension. Methods One hundred and four prehypertensive adults who received physical examination during October 2005 and October 2007 and showed at least 2 hypertension risk factors were randomly assigned to the experimental or control group.A muhicomponent behavioral intervention,including health education(e.g.awareness of disease),metary gmdance,physical.exercise,and psychologtcat improvement,Was conducted for 2 years.The awareness of disease,blood pressure,bedy weight,and the change of risk factors were compared.Results At 2 years,the awareness of disease in the experimental group wag significantly improved,and the blood pressure,body weight,and risk factors were obviously reduced.Although the awareness of disease and the risk factors in the control group were improved,the blood pressure and body weight were increased.The difference in average systolic blood pressure,average diastolic blood pressure,body weight,and the awareness of disease between the two groups were 13 mm Hg(1 mm Hg=0.133 kPa),7.9 nlnl Hg,3.7 kg,and 37.6%,respectively(all P<0.05).Conclusion The lifestyle intervention among high-risk individuals for hypertension could effectively reduce blood pressure and body weight. Improved lifestyle would result in less risk factors.

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