Subjective well-being and analysis of the social and psychological factors in divers

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Author:
WANG Rui-gan(Naval Convalescent Zone, Hangzhou Sanatorium, Nanjing Military District,Hangzhou 310002, China)
TANG Yan-chao(Naval Convalescent Zone, Hangzhou Sanatorium, Nanjing Military District,Hangzhou 310002, China)
XIONG Bo(Naval Convalescent Zone, Hangzhou Sanatorium, Nanjing Military District,Hangzhou 310002, China)
Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Nautical Medicine and Hyperbaric Medicine
Issue:
Volume 19, Issue 04, 2012
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.issn.1009-6906.2012.02.012
Key Word:
Divers;Subjective well-being;Psychological factor;Social factor;Self-esteem;Coping style

Abstract: Objective To explore the mechanism and dose-effect of social and psychological factors that might influence the subjective well-being(SWB) of divers.Methods Two hundred and ninety-six divers were assessed with the Index of well-being,the self-esteem scale (SES),the life event scale (LES) and the coping style questionnaire (CSQ),and the symptom checklist-90 (SCL-90).Results The scores of subjective well-being (SWB) were positively correlated with the scores of mature coping style (r =0.226) and SES (r =0.273),and correlated negatively with the scores of SCL-90 (r =-0.278) and LES (r =-0.121).Results of path analysis showed that x2/df was 1.559,and that NFI and CFI were all greater than 0.9 and RMSEA 0.077.The variables that had direct effects on SWB could be placed in the following order of importance:SES (r=0.21),mature coping style(r =0.18),SCL-90(r =-0.14),LES(r =0.07)and premature coping style ( r =0.03 ).Conclusions Mental health status,coping style and self-esteem were important predictors of subjective well-being of divers.

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