Investigation and analysis on the status of sleep quality of divers

( views:178, downloads:0 )
Author:
XU Li-ping(Naval Convalescent Zone, Hangzhou Sanatorium, Nanjing Military District, Hangzhou 310002, China)
SONG Hai-yan(Naval Convalescent Zone, Hangzhou Sanatorium, Nanjing Military District, Hangzhou 310002, China)
TANG Yan-chao(Naval Convalescent Zone, Hangzhou Sanatorium, Nanjing Military District, Hangzhou 310002, China)
XU Lu(Naval Convalescent Zone, Hangzhou Sanatorium, Nanjing Military District, Hangzhou 310002, China)
Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Nautical Medicine and Hyperbaric Medicine
Issue:
Volume 18, Issue 05, 2011
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.issn.1009-6906.2011.05.006
Key Word:
Divers;Sleep quality;Sleep quality index

Abstract: Objective To investigate the status of sleep quality of divers and related social factors,so as to provide evidence for the improvement of sleep quality of divers.Methods A total of 296 divers and 77 sea-going personnel were investigated by means of random cluster sampling and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI).Results Two hundred twenty-two divers had the poor sleep problem,accounting for 76.7%.When compared with the sea - going personnel,total PQSI score ( t =101.068 ),sleep quality ( t =5.475 ),time taken to fall asleep (t =8.387),sleep efficiency(t =25.834),hypnotic drug assumption (t =4.254),daytime performance ( t =120.604 ) were all relatively poor( P < 0.05 ),with statistical significance( P < 0.05 or P <0.01 ).When comparisons were made between the divers with an age of over 46 years and those with an age of 36-45 years,there were statistical differences in total PQSI score,sleep quality,time taken to fall asleep,sleep time,sleep disorder and hypnotic drug assumption (P < 0.05 ).When compared with that of the divers with an age of 36-45 years,statistical significance could be seen in day -time performance (P < 0.05 ).When comparisons were made between the divers with university education and those with high school or secondary specialized education,statistical differences were noted in sleep quality,time taken to fall asleep,sleep time,sleep disorder(P <0.05).For the smoking divers,sleep quality(t =12.475),sleep efficiency (t =15.929),day-time performance( t =5.039) were poorer than those of the non-smokers,with statistical significance ( P <0.05 or P <0.01 ).When comparisons were made between drinkers and non-drinkers,statistical differences could be noted in sleep time(t =5.369),sleep efficiency (t =18.283 )and sleep disorder( t =4.364) (P <0.05 or P < 0.01 ).Conclusions Sleep quality of the divers was on the whole not so good and appropriate measures should be taken to improve sleep quality of the divers.

  • [1]孙阳,杨志杰,古雅兰,等.失眠症患者睡眠质量、心理健康状况及其多导睡眠图的研究.中国行为医学科学,2006,15(6):498-500.
  • [2]杨晓明,王汝芬,刘志强,等.医生睡眠质量及其与心理健康的相关分析.中国健康心理学杂志,2007,15(7):654-656.
  • [3]汪向东,王希林,马弘.心理卫生评定量表手册.增订版.北京:中国心理卫生杂志社,1999:375-378.
  • [4]刘贤臣,唐茂芹,胡蕾,等.匹兹堡睡眠质量指数的信度和效度研究.中华精神科杂志,1996,5(2):103-107.
  • [5]Petri NM.Change in strategy of solving psychological tests:evidence of nitrogen nacrosis in shallow air-diving.Undersea Hyperb Med,2003,30 (4):293-303.
  • [6]孙阳,曹贵方,毕晓霞,等.失眠症患者心理社会因素分析.临床精神医学杂志,2007,17(1):22-24.
  • [7]许亮文,付伟,顾秀娟,等.吸烟与睡眠障碍关系的人群研究.现代预防医学,1997,24(2):157-158.
  • [8]张洪斌.维吾尔族离退休人员睡眠质量及相关因素的分析.中国老年学杂志,2005,25(6):723-724.
WanfangData CO.,Ltd All Rights Reserved
About WanfangData | Contact US
Healthcare Department, Fuxing Road NO.15, Haidian District Beijing, 100038 P.R.China
Tel:+86-010-58882616 Fax:+86-010-58882615 Email:yiyao@wanfangdata.com.cn