MRI study of the non-thyroid-related exophthalmos

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JIN Han-tao(Department of Imaging, Changzheng Hospital, Affiliated Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200003, China)
TAO Xiao-feng(Department of Imaging,Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai 200120, China)
Journal Title:
Chinese Journal of Radiology
Volume 46, Issue 01, 2012
Key Word:
Exophthalmos;Magnetic resonance imaging

Abstract: Objective To investigate the manifestation and diagnostic value of MRI in the patients with non-thyroid-related exophthalmos.Methods One hundred and sixty-eight patients with non-thyroidrelated exophthalmos confirmed by histopathology underwent MRI examination using 8-channel phased array head coil.Of 168 patients,165 underwent contrast-enhanced MRI.Results Of the 168 cases,68 were hemangioma,34 were lymphoma,14 were pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland,12 were inflammatory pseudotumor,6 were adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland,6 were schwannoma,5 were dermoid cyst,5 were meningioma,3 were solitary fibrous tumor,2 were optic nerve glioma,2 were embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma,2 were lipoma,et al.Of the 165 enhanced cases,the MRI diagnosis was in accordance with surgical pathology findings in 111 cases (67.3% ).The tumor was hemangioma in 65,lymphoma in 22,pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland in 10,inflammatory pseudotumor in 5,meningioma in 3,adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland in 3,optic nerve glioma in 1,schwannoma in 1,and dermoid cyst in 1.Eleven cases simultaneously had dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI,the MRI diagnosis was consistent with pathological findings in 10 cases,which included 7 hemangioma,2 lymphoma,and 1 meningioma.The time-intensity curves of DCE-MRI showed persistent enhancement type,rapidly enhancing and rapid wash-out and plateau-shaped type,and rapidly enhancing and rapid wash-out,respectively.Three cases showed soft tissue mass on only plain MRI.Conclusions The conventional orbital MRI can explore the causes of proptosis,which is helpful to determine the location and nature of the mass.Enhanced and DCE MRI can further observe blood supply of the lesions.

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