Correlation of oxidized low-density lipoprotein and lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 with pre-eclampsia

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Author:
ZHANG Fan(Department of Obsterics , Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University Medical College, Qingdao 266003, China)
YE Yuan-hua(Department of Obsterics , Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University Medical College, Qingdao 266003, China)
PENG Wei(Department of Obsterics , Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University Medical College, Qingdao 266003, China)
ZHAN Fing(Department of Obsterics , Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University Medical College, Qingdao 266003, China)
Journal Title:
CHINESE JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY
Issue:
Volume 44, Issue 02, 2009
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.issn.0529-567x.2009.02.005
Key Word:
Pre-eclampsia; Lipoproteins, LDL; Receptors, oxidized LDL; Scavenger receptors ,class E

Abstract: Objective To investigate the role of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) and lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-I) in pre-ecalmpsia. Methods From June 2007 to January 2008,73 women with pre-eelampsia who delivered in the Department of Obstetrics, Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University Medical College,were recruited, including 35 women with mild pre-eclampsia (MPE group) and 38 women with severe pre-eclampsia(SPE group). And 45 healthy pregnant women were taken as control group. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure the plasma concentrations of oxLDL in these women. Semiquantitative RT-PCR and Western blot were used to investigate the expression of LOX-1 mRNA and protein in placenta. The expression of caspase-3 mRNA in placenta was determined using Semiquantitative RT-PCR. Results (1) The plasma concentrations of oxLDL in MPE group ( 0.42 ± 0.11 ) mg/L, SPE group ( 0.68 ± 0.12 ) mg/L, were significantly higher compared with control group (0.35 ± 0.14 )mg/L( P < 0.01 ) and the concentrations of oxLDL in MPE group were significantly higher compared with SPE group (P<0.01 ). (2) The expression of LOX-1 mRNA in placenta of MPE group(0.70 ±0.10) and SPE group(0.84 ±0.08) were significantly higher than that in control group(0.58 ± 0.11 ) ( P<0.01 ) and the expression of LOX-1 mRNA in MPE group was significantly higher than that of SPE group (P<0.01 ). (3) The expression of LOX-1 protein in placenta of MPE group (0.79±0.15 )and SPE group(0.90±0.12) were significantly higher compared with control group(0.68 ±0.11)( P<0.01 ), while the expression of LOX-1 protein of MPE group was significantly higher compared with SPE group (P <0.01 ). (4) The expression of caspase-3 mRNA in placenta of MPE group(3.82± 0.18) and SPE group(5.39±0.14) were significantly higher than that in control group(2.19±0.20) (P <0.01 ), and the expression of caspase-3 mRNA in MPE group was significantly higher than that of SPE group (P<0.01 ). (5) In pre-eclampsia groups, the levels of LOX-1 mRNA in placenta were positively correlated with the plasma concentrations of ox LDL ( r=0.93, P<0.05 ), and caspase-3 mRNA expression were positively correlated with the expression of LOX-1 mRNA in placenta( r=0.84, P<0.05). Conclusion Increased levels of oxLDL in plasma may induce excess expression of LOX-1 in placenta, which may be involved in the pathophysiological processes of pre-eclampsia.

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