A preliminary report of patellofemoral arthroplasty in isolated patellofemoral arthritis

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GAO Xiang(Department of Orthopaedics, the Second Affiliated Hospital,Medical School of Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310009, China)
XU Zheng-jian(Department of Orthopaedics, the Second Affiliated Hospital,Medical School of Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310009, China)
HE Rong-xin(Department of Orthopaedics, the Second Affiliated Hospital,Medical School of Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310009, China)
YAN Shi-gui(Department of Orthopaedics, the Second Affiliated Hospital,Medical School of Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310009, China)
WU Li-dong(Department of Orthopaedics, the Second Affiliated Hospital,Medical School of Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310009, China)
Journal Title:
Volume 123, Issue 21, 2010
Key Word:
patellofemoral arthroplasty;knee prosthesis;osteoarthritis

Abstract: Background Isolated patellofemoral osteoarthritis is not uncommon. Surgical treatment of isolated patellofemoral arthritis remains controversial and poses a challenging treatment dilemma. The present study aimed to evaluate the short-term results of patellofemoral arthroplasty for patients with isolated patellofemoral osteoarthritis.Methods We analyzed 11 patellofemoral arthroplasties performed from March 2006 to September 2009 in 11 patients with isolated patellofemoral arthritis. The patients comprised 2 males and 9 females with an average age of 53.7 years (range, 46-74 years). Standard weightbearing radiographs were taken in the anteroposterior, lateral, and 45° axial views.The knee pain and functional status were evaluated by the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) scales and American Knee Society (AKS) scores. For comparison, 23 total knee arthroplasties in 23 patients with primary tibiofemoral osteoarthritis were matched according to age, gender, bilaterality and body mass index.The duration of follow-up was 23.7 months (range, 12-47 months).Results The majority of the 11 patients experienced improvement in their patellofemoral symptoms after patellofemoral arthroplasty. The WOMAC scores improved considerably by 7.4 points with respect to pain and by 5.2 points with respect to function. The AKS scores also improved considerably by 23.9 points with respect to pain and 44.3 points with respect to function. Although the clinical outcomes after patellofemoral arthroplasty were not better than those after total knee arthroplasty, patellofemoral arthroplasty exhibited advantages in the shorter operation time, lower blood loss and increased postoperative range of motion. At the latest follow-up, there was no clinical or radiographic evidence of patellofemoral maltracking, loosening or wear.Conclusions On the basis of our experience in this relatively small series of patients with a short-term follow-up,patellofemoral arthroplasty is an effective treatment alternative to total knee arthroplasty in isolated patellofemoral arthritis. MRI and arthroscopy may contribute to define those patients with isolated patellofemoral degeneration.

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