Diazoxide preconditioning plus subsequent hypothermia increased resistance of rat cultured hippocampal neurons against hypoxia-reoxygenation injury

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LIU Rong-guo()
WANG Wei-jian()
CHEN Yan-qing()
LI Li-huan()
Journal Title:
Volume 119, Issue 11, 2006
Key Word:
diazoxide;hypothermia;proto-oncogene protein c-bcl-2;calcium;malondialdehyde

Abstract: Background Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion/hypoxia-reoxygenation insult triggers lots of pathophysiological and biochemical events that separately affect the evolution of cerebral damage. Accordingly, all known effective neuroprotective measures should be taken to get the optimal efficacy of therapy. This study was undertaken to investigate whether diazoxide (DZ) preconditioning combined with the following hypothermia could contribute to synergistic neuroprotection compared with either hypothermia or DZ preconditioning alone.Methods Cultured for 9-10 days in vitro, the hippocampal neurons of SD rats were preconditioned with DZ 0 μmol/L or DZ 250 μmol/L for 1 hour per day and this treatment lasted for 3 days. Subsequently, neurons were subjected to deprivation of oxygen for 4 hours at 37℃, 34℃, 30℃ and 22℃, respectively. This experiment consisted of 8 groups (4 temperature groups and 4 combination groups) and each group contained 12-well or 2-dish cells. Survival rate, expression of Bcl-2, fluorescence magnitude of intracellular calcium, and concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA) were determined at 24 hours after reoxygenation.Results The survival rate and expression of Bcl-2 were both increased in individually hypothermic conditions compared with those at 37℃ (P<0.05), whereas intracellular calcium and MDA did the opposite exhibition simultaneously (P<0.05). 22℃ contributed to a higher survival rate and greater expression of Bcl-2 in comparison with other hypothermia (P<0.05). Preceding administration of 250 μmol/L DZ took the similar effects on the neurons like hypothermia. Moreover, compared with individual hypothermia or DZ preconditioning,the neuronal survival rate and expression of Bcl-2 in the combination group were increased significantly (P<0.05), whereas the calcium fluorescence density and concentration of MDA were reduced further (P<0.05).250 μmol/L DZ preconditioning combined with 22℃ provided a maximal neuroprotection.Conclusions Compared with either individual hypothermia or DZ preconditioning, the combination of both treatments conferred synergistic protection for cultured hippocampal neurons in vitro against hypoxiareoxygenation insult.

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