The impact of different fluid management on mortality in patients with septic shock

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Author:
CHEN Qi-hong(Department of Intensive Care Unit, Subei Hospital of Jiangsu Province, Clinical Medical School,Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225001, Jiangsu, China)
ZHENG Rui-qiang(Department of Intensive Care Unit, Subei Hospital of Jiangsu Province, Clinical Medical School,Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225001, Jiangsu, China)
LIN Hua(Department of Intensive Care Unit, Subei Hospital of Jiangsu Province, Clinical Medical School,Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225001, Jiangsu, China)
LU Nian-fang(Department of Intensive Care Unit, Subei Hospital of Jiangsu Province, Clinical Medical School,Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225001, Jiangsu, China)
SHAO Jun(Department of Intensive Care Unit, Subei Hospital of Jiangsu Province, Clinical Medical School,Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225001, Jiangsu, China)
YU Jiang-quan(Department of Intensive Care Unit, Subei Hospital of Jiangsu Province, Clinical Medical School,Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225001, Jiangsu, China)
DOU Ying-ru(Department of Intensive Care Unit, Subei Hospital of Jiangsu Province, Clinical Medical School,Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225001, Jiangsu, China)
WANG Hua-ling(Department of Intensive Care Unit, Subei Hospital of Jiangsu Province, Clinical Medical School,Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225001, Jiangsu, China)
Journal Title:
CHINESE CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE
Issue:
Volume 23, Issue 03, 2011
DOI:
10.3760/cma.j.issn.1003-0603.2011.03.006
Key Word:
Septic shock;Fluid management;Mortality

Abstract: Objective To find out the influential effect of different fluid management on mortality of patients with septic shock in different phases. Methods From March 2007 to December 2009, a retrospective controlled study was conducted on the clinical data of 107 adult patients with septic shock in the intensive care unit(ICU)of Subei Hospital of Jiangsu Province. The patients were divided into survival group(n=68)and non-survival group(n= 39)according to the final outcome. A number of demographic and variables were collected from the medical record. The acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ)score, sequential organ failure assessment(SOFA), liquid intake and output volume and its balance daily within 1 week, 24-hour early goal-directed therapy(EGDT)and conservative late fluid management(CLFM)were compared between two groups. The Logistic regression statistics was used to determine the relationship between APACHE Ⅱ , SOFA, EGDT, CLFM and survival. Results The single variable analysis showed that there was significant difference in the parameters of oxygenation index in 7 days, arterial blood lactate clearance within 24 hours, acute lung injury, length of mechanical ventilation,length of ICU stay and in hospital, the goal of fluid management including 24-hour EGDT, 24-hour CLFM,fluid balance in 24 hours, total fluid input within 7 days, negative fluid balance and times during 7 days between two groups. Logistic regression showed that failure to achieve 24-hour EGDT and late CLFM, a negative balance of <2 000 ml, total fluid input of >20000 ml within 1 week were independent risk factors of death, and odds ratio(OR)was 4. 159, 4. 431, 23. 788 and 4. 353, respectively, the P value was 0. 035,0. 019, 0. 000, 0. 025, respectively. The 28-day mortality in 24-hour EGDT and CLFM group(12. 5 %)was significantly lower than that of 24-hour EGDT with liberal late fluid management(LLFM)group(46. 2%)and that in the group of patients in whom with failure to have 24-hour EGDT with CLFM or LLFM(30.0%,76.2%, P<0. 05 or P<0. 01). Conclusion Both early achievement of 24-hour EGDT and late CLFM for the patients with septic shock can lower mortality.

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