Objective To investigate the ketamine and propofol anesthesia for pediatric clinical effect.Methods From january 2009 to February 2010 in our hospital 80 cases surgery children were randomly divided into two groups of 37 cases of ketamine anesthesia using ketamine alone, 43 cases combined with propofol ketamine anesthesia to observe the postoperative incidence of adverse reactions, and postoperative recovery time,for statistical analysis. Results The preoperative and postoperative changes in HR and RR were better than the ketamine group, the difference was statistically significant, P＜ 0. 05; 9.3% adverse reaction rate in combined group was 24. 3% lower than the ketamine group,There were significant differences between groups, P ＜0. 05;recovery time in children of combimed group were less than ketamine group, the difference was also statistically significant, P＜ 0.05. Conclusion Ketamine and propofol anesthesia for children is better than a single ketamine anesthesia, should be widely applied.